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Crampton steam locomotive

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This picture was taken from La vapeur (Steam), by A. Guillemin, Paris, 1876. Wood engraving by Laplante, after a drawing by A. Jahandier.

The Crampton-type locomotive was built in various countries from 1846 to 1864. It was a steam-powered locomotive, particularly well suited for the transport of passengers because of its stability and its speed: our book refers to it as the racehorse of railways.
A Crampton locomotive could haul 12 to 16 carriages, adding up to 100 to 130 tons, at a speed of 60 km/h (37 mph). When running on its own, it could reach 120 km/h (75 mph). This achievement was made possible by the large diameter of its two driving wheels, its short-stroke piston and high steam pressure. Its average weight was 30 tons. Crampton locomotives remained in use until the early XXth century.

Keywords: steam, engine, boiler, transportation, mechanics, science & technology

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