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 « Dictionary Index « Definitions under B


Botanical Authorities

with the Abbreviations by which they are generally referred to.

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A

  • A:& S. — Albertini and Schweinitz, Writers upon Fungi.
  • Ab. China. — Abel (C). A Voyage to China. 4to.
  • Ab. Ins. — Abbott's Natural History of the Insects of Carolina, fol.
  • Ac. Boh. — Abhandlungen einer Gesellschaft in Boehmen, zur Aufnahme der Mathematik, der Vaterlaendischen Geschichte und der Naturgeschichte. 8vo. Pragae, 1775 — 1789.
  • Ac. Bon. — De Bononiense Scientiarum et Artium Instituto, Commentarii. 4to. Bononiae. 7 vols. 1748—1791.
  • Ach. — Acharius. A Swedish professor, and writer upon Lichens.
  • Ac. Got. — Commentarii Societatis Begiae Scientiarum Goettingensis. 4to. 1751. 1754. 1769. 1816.
  • Ac. Haf. — Acta Literaria Universitatis Hafniensis. 1 vol. 4to. Hafniae, 1778.
  • Ac. Hel. — Acta Helvetica Physico-mathematico-botanico-medica. 8 vols. 4to. Basileae, 1757 — 1777.
  • Ac. Hol. — Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar. 8vo. Stockholm, 1739—1816.
  • Ac. Par. — Actes de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, fol. Paris, 1792.
  • Ac. Pet. — Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae. 14 vols. 4to. Petropoli 1728 — 1751.
  • Ac. St. — Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar. 8vo. Stockholm, 1739.
  • Ac. Tou. — Histoire et Memoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences, &c., de Toulouse. 3 vols. 4to. Toulouse, 1782. 1784. 1788.
  • Ac. Up. — Acta Literaria et Scientiarum Upsaliae publicata. 8vo. 1720 — 1816.
  • Adams. — F. Adams. A Russian botanist, who travelled through Arctic and Eastern Siberia.
  • Adan. — Adanson. A French systematic botanist.
  • Afz. — Afzelius. A Swedish professor.
  • A. G. — And. Ger. — Andrews (Henry). Coloured Engravings of Geraniums. fol. Lond.
  • Ag. — Agardh. A Swedish professor, and writer upon Algae, &c.
  • Ag. Sven. Bot. — Aghardt, in Svensk Botanik. 9 vols. 8vo. 1804 to the present time.
  • A. H. — And. Hea. — Andrews (Henry). Coloured Engravings of Heaths, with botanical descriptions. 3 vols. fol. London, 1802 — 1809.
  • Ait. — Aiton. The superintendent of the King's garden at Kew.
  • Ait Kew. — Ait. Hort. Kew. — Aiton's (William) Hortus Kewensis; or a Catalogue of the Plants in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. 5 vols.
  • Al. Au. — Allioni (Carolus). Auctuarium ad Floram Pedemontanam. 1 fasc. 8vo. Taurini, 1789.
  • Alb. — Albertini. A writer on Fungi.
  • Alb. & Schw. — Albertini (J. B. de) and Schweinitz (L. D. de) Conspectus Fungorum in Lusatiae Superioris Agro Niskiensi crescentium. 5vo. Lipsiae, 1805.
  • All. — Allioni. An Italian botanist.
  • Al. Ped. Allioni (Carolus). Hora Pedemontana. 3 vols. fol. Taurini, 1785.
  • Al. Tau. — Allioni (Carolus). Miscellanea Philosophico-mathematica Societatis privatae Taurinensis.
  • Alp. AEg. — Alpinus (Prosper). De Plantis AEgypti liber. 4to. Venetiis, 1592.
  • Alp. Ex. — Alpinus (Prosper). De Plantis Exoticis libri duo. 4to. Venetiis, 1629.
  • Am. Ac. — Linnaei Amoenitates Academicae, seu Dissertationes antehac seorsim editae. 10 vols. 8vo. Holmiae et Lipsiae, 1749, et seq.
  • Am. Rut. — Ammann (Johan.). Stirpium rariorum in Imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium Icones et Descriptiones. 4to. Petrop. 1739.
  • Amans S. — Amans. Obs. in Recueil des Travaux de la Société d'Agriculture d'Agens. 1 vol.
  • Amm. — Ammann. An old Russian botanist.
  • An. Bot. — Annals of Botany, by C. König and J. Sims. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1805 and 1806.
  • An. Mu. — Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. 24 vols. 4to. Paris, 1802 to the present time.
  • An. Wett. — Annalen der Wetteranischen Gesellschaft für die gesammte Naturkunde.
  • And. Ger. — Andrews (Henry). Coloured Engravings of Geraniums, fol. London.
  • And. Heaths. — Andrews (Henry). Coloured Engravings of Heaths, with botanical descriptions. 3 vols. fol. London, 1802 — 1809.
  • And. Rep. — Andrews (Henry). The Botanist's Repository for new and rare Plants. 10 vols. 4to. London, 1797, et seq.
  • Ander. — Anderson. A London merchant; published a paper on Paeonies.
  • Andr. — Andrews. A famous botanical draughtsman.
  • Andrz. — Andrzejowski. A Russian botanist.
  • Ard. — Arduini. An Italian botanist.
  • Ard. M. — Arduini (Pietro). Memoria di Osservazioni e di Sperienze sopra la Coltura e gli Usi di varie Piante. 4to. Padova, 1766.
  • Ard. Sag. — Arduini (Pietro), in Saggi dell' Accad. de Padova. 2 vols.
  • Ard. Sp. — Arduini (Pietro). Animadversionum Botanicarum Specimen. 4to. Patavii, 1759.
  • As. Res. — Asiatic Researches, or the Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal. 4to. Calcutta, 1788, &c.
  • Asso. — Asso. A Spanish botanist.
  • Asso Ar. — De Asso (Ignatius). Synopsis Stirpium indigenarum Arragoniae. 4to. Marsilliae, 1779.
  • Aub. — Aublet. A French traveller in Guiana.
  • Aub. Gui. — Aublet (Fusée). Histoire des Plantes de la Guiane Française. 4 vols. 4to. London, 1773.
  • Aud. — Audibert. A French cultivator.

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B

  • B. C. — Botanical Cabinet. By Loddiges and Sons.
  • B. M. — Botanical Magazine. By Curtis, Sims, &c.
  • B. & W. — Bartling, M. D. and Wendland, of Göttingen, botanists.
  • B. R. — Botanical Register. By Ker and Lindley.
  • Bac. — Bacle. A German botanist?
  • B. Rep. — Botanical Repository. By Andrews and others.
  • Bal. Mis. — Balbis (Joh. Baptist.). Miscellanea Botanica. 4to. 1804.
  • Bal. St. — Balbis (Joh. Baptist.). Horti Academici Taurinensis Stirpium minus cognitarum aut forte novarum Icones et Descriptiones. Taurini, 1810.
  • Bal. Tic. — Balbis (Joh. Baptist.). Flora Ticinensis. 2 vols. 8vo. Ticin. 1816—1821.
  • Balb. — Balbis. A French professor of botany.
  • Baldw. — Baldwin, M. D. of Savannah in Georgia. A botanist.
  • Banks. — Banks. A great traveller and patron of science.
  • Banks K. — Banks (Josephus). Icones selectae Plantarum quas in Japonia collegit et delineavit E. Kaempfer. fol. London, 1791.
  • Bar. Fl. — Barton (W. P. C). Flora of North America. 4to.
  • Bar. Ic. — Barrelier (Jacobus). Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam, et Italiam observatae. fol. Parisiis, 1714.
  • Barrl. — Barrelier. A French botanist.
  • Bart. — Barton. M. D. Formerly a professor at Philadelphia.
  • Bartr. — Bartram. Formerly a nurseryman at Philadelphia.
  • Batr. It. — Bartram (Will.). Travels through South and North Carolina. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1791.
  • Bast. — Bastard or Batard. A writer upon the Flora of France.
  • Bast. J. — Bastard (T.), in Schrader's Journal für die Botanik?
  • Batarra. — Batarra (John Ant.). Fungorum Agri Ariminensis Historia. 4to. Faventiae, 1759.
  • Batsch. — Batsch. A writer upon Fungi.
  • Batsch Fun. — Batsch (Aug. Joh. Georg Carl). Elenchus Fungorum. 4to. Halae, 1783—1789.
  • Batt. — Battarra. Published a History of Fungi, 1789.
  • Bau. His. — Bauhin (Johannes). Historia Plantarum universalis, fol. 1651.
  • Bau. Pin. Bauhin (Caspar). Pinax Theatri Botanici. 4to. Basileae, 1623.
  • Bau. Pr. — Bauhin (Caspar). Prodromus Theatri Botanici, in quo plantae supra 600 proponuntur. 4to. Franc. Moen. 1620.
  • Bauer N. H. — Bauer (Ferdin.). lllustrationes Florae Novae Hollandiae. fol. 1813.
  • Baug. — J. C. Baumgarten, M. D. of Schasburgh, in Transylvania. A botanist.
  • Bauh. — Bauhin, brothers; professors of medicine, published 1620, 1650.
  • Baum. — J. C. Baumgarten, M. D. of Schasburgh, in Transylvania. A botanist.
  • Beau. Ow. — Allioni. Palisot de Beauvois. Flore des Royaumes d'Oware et de Benin. 2 vols. fol. Paris, 1805.
  • Beaup. — Beaupret. A French botanist, mentioned in Dec. Systema.
  • Beauv. — Palisot de Beauvois. A French traveller and botanist.
  • Beauv. Gr. — Allioni. Palisot de Beauvois. Essai d'une nouvelle Agrostographie. 8vo. Paris, 1812.
  • Beauv. In. Ac. Am. — Allioni. Palisot de Beauvois. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. 4to. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1774 — 1793.
  • Bedf. — Duke of Bedford. A great promoter of botany.
  • Bel. — Bellardi. An Italian botanist.
  • Bel. Tau. — Bellardi (Ludovico). Mémoires de I'Académie Boyale des Sciences de Turin. 4to. 1782.
  • Benth. — Bentham. An English botanist, secretary to the Horticultural Society, London.
  • Berg. — Bergius. A Swedish writer upon Cape plants.
  • Berg. C. — Bergius (Peter Jonas). Descriptiones Plantarum ex Capite Bonae Spei. 8vo. Stockholm, 1767.
  • Berg. Ho. — Bergins (Peter Jonas), in Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar. 8vo. Stockholm, 1739.
  • Berger. — J. Bergeret, M. D. A French botanist.
  • Berg. Ph. — Bergeret. Phytonomatotechnie universelle. 3 vols. fol. Paris.
  • Ber. Mag. — Martini (Fried. Henr. Wilh.). Berlinisches Magazin, oder gesammelte Schriften. 4 bänd. 8vo. Berlin, 1765 — 1767.
  • Ber. Ph. Tr. — Bergius (P. J.), in Philosophical Transactions, vol. for 1772. London.
  • Bernh. — Bernhardi. A German botanist.
  • Bert. — Bertolini. A writer upon the Flora of Italy.
  • Bes. — Besser. A Russian professor, resident in the Crimea.
  • Bes. Eys. — Besler (Basilius). Hortus Eystettensis. 2 vols. fol. Nuremberg, 1612.
  • Bib. It. — Memorie di Matematica e Fisica della Societa Italiana. 4to, Verona, 1782 and 1816.
  • Bieb. — Bieberstein. A Russian botanist of great note.
  • Bieb. Cen. — Bieberstein (Marschall von). Centuriae Plantarum rariorum Rossiae Meridionalis. Charkoviae. fol.
  • Biv. — Bivona. A Sicilian botanist.
  • Biv. Cen. — Bivona Bernardi (Antonin.). Sicularum Plantarum Centuria prima. 8vo. Panormi, 1806.
  • Biv. Sic. — Bivona Bernardi (Antonin.). Stirpium rariorum minusque cognitarum in Sicilia provenientium Descriptiones. 4to. 1813.
  • Black. — Blackwell (Eliz.). A curious Herbal, containing 600 cuts of the useful plants. 2 vols. fol. London, 1737.
  • Blume — Blume, M. D. A Dutch botanist.
  • Boc. Mu. — Boccone (Paolo). Museo di Piante rare della Sicilia, Malta, Corsica, Italia, Piemonte, e Germania. 4to. Venetia, 1697.
  • Boc. Sic. — Boccone (Paolo). Icones et Descriptiones rariorum Plantarum Siciliae, Melitae, Galliae, et Italiae. 4to. Londini, 1674.
  • Boer. — Boerhaave. An old Dutch botanist.
  • Böhm. — Böhmer. A German botanical writer.
  • Bois. — Boissieu la Martinière, who accompanied La Peyrouse.
  • Boj. — Bojer. A professor of botany in the Isle of France.
  • Bol. — Bolton. An English writer on Fungi.
  • Bolt. Fil. — Bolton (James). Filices Britannia. 4to. London, 1785— 1790.
  • Bolt. Pil. — Bolton (James). Gesohichte der merkwürdigsten Pilze. Berlin, 1795.
  • Bon. Mon. — Bonpland (Aimé). Monographie des Melastomes et Rhexes et autres Plantesde cet Ordre. fol. Paris, 1809.
  • Bon. Nav. — Bonpland (Aimé). Description des Plantes rares cultivés à Malmaison et à Navarre. fol. 1813.
  • Bon. Rhex. — Bonpland (Aimé). Monographie des Melastomes et Rhexes et autres Plantes de cet Ordre. fol. Paris, 1809.
  • Bonp. — Bonpland. A French traveller in South America, and botanist.
  • Borc. — Borckhausen. A writer upon the Flora of Hesse Darmstadt.
  • Bonam. — Bonamy (Franc.). Florae Nannetensis Prodromus. 12mo. Nantes, 1782.
  • Bory. — Bory de St. Vincent. A French traveller and botanist.
  • Bosc. — Bosc. A French botanist, and traveller in North America.
  • Bot. Cab. — The Botanical Cabinet. By Conrad Loddiges and Sons. 14 vols. 12mo. and 4to, published monthly.
  • Bot. Mag. — The Botanical Magazine. 8vo. 55 vols. London, 1787—1830.
  • Bot. Ms. — Hooker (Will. Jackson). Botanical Miscellany. 2 parts, 8vo. London, 1830.
  • Bot. Reg. — The Botanical Register. 8vo. 14 vols. London, 1815—1830.
  • Bot. Rep. — The Botanist's Repository for new and rare plants. 10 vols. 4to. London, 1797, et seqq.
  • Bouch. — Boucher. A writer upon the French Flora.
  • Bouché. — F.A.G. Boucher. A French botanist.
  • Bow. — J. Bowie. A collector of plants for Kew Gardens.
  • Br. — Patrick Browne, M.D. Author of Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. An Irish botanist.
  • Br. J. — Browne (Patrick). The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. fol. London, 1756.
  • Br. Rem. — Brown (Robert). General Remarks, Geographical and Systematical, on the Botany of Terra Australis. 4to. 1814.
  • Bra. Sal — De Braune (Franz Aut.). Salzburgische Flora. 8vo. 1791.
  • Braam. — Braam's lcones Chinenses. Not published.
  • Brad. — Bradley. An old English writer upon succulent plants.
  • Brad. Suc. — Bradley (Richard). Historia Plantarum Succulentarum. 4to. London, 1716—1727.
  • Bred. — Bredemeyer. A German.
  • Brew. Jour. — Brewster's Philosophical Journal. Edinburgh, published every three months.
  • Brey. C. — Breynius (Jacobus). Exoticarum Plantarum Centuria. fol. Gedani, 1678.
  • Brey. Pr. — Breynius (Jacobus). Prodromus Fasciculi rariorum Plantarum in Hortis Hollandiae observatarum. 2 Vols. 4to. Gedani, 1680 — 1689.
  • Brid. — Bridel. A German writer upon Mosses.
  • Brid. Mus. — Bridel (Samuel Elias). Muscologia. 4to. Gothae et Parisiis, 1797—1803.
  • Brig. — J. Brignoli. Professor at Verona.
  • Brm. — Burmann. A Dutch editor of other people's works.
  • Broeg. — Broegelmann. A German botanist.
  • Brong. — A. Brongniart. A French botanist.
  • Brot. — Brotero. A Portuguese botanist.
  • Brot. Lus. — Brotero (Felix Avellar). Flora Lusitanica. 2 vols. 8vo, Olyssip. 1801,
  • Brot. Ph. — Brotero (Felix Avellar). Phytographia Lusitaniae selectior. fol. Olyssip. 1801.
  • Brou. — Broussonet. A French botanist, and traveller in Barbary.
  • Bruce Tr. — Bruce (James). Travels to discover the Source of the Nile. 5 vols. 4to. Edinburgh, 1790.
  • Bry. Hist. — Bryant (Charles). Flora Dietetica, or History of Esculent Plants. 5vo. London, 1783.
  • Buc. — Buchanan. An English physician, and traveller in Nepal.
  • Buch. — Buchoz (Pierre Joseph). Collection des Fleurs. fol. Paris.
  • Bul. — Bulliard. A French writer upon Fungi.
  • Bul. Her. — Bulliard. Herbier de la France, fol. 1780, &c.
  • Bul. Ph. — Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris. 1791 — 1816.
  • Bur. Af. — Burmann (Johannes). Rariorum Airicanarum Plantarum Decades 10. 4to. Amstelodami, 1738 — 1739.
  • Bur. Am. — Burmann (Johannes). Plantae Americanae à C. Plumier detectae et à J. Burmanno editae. fol. Amstelod. 1755.
  • Bur. In. — Burmann (Johannes). Flora Indica. 4to, Lugd. Bat. 1768.
  • Bur. Zey. — Burmann (Johannes). Thesaurus Zeylanicus. 4to. Amst. 1737.
  • Burc. — Burchell. An English botanist, and traveller at the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Burg. — Burgsdorf. A German botanist.
  • Bux. — Buxbaum, M. D. A Russian botanist; travelled through Armenia.
  • Bux. C. — Buxbaum (Joh. Christ.). Plantarum minus cognitarum Centuriae quinque 4to. 1728.

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C

  • C. Bauh. — Caspar Bauhin. A celebrated botanist of the seventeenth century.
  • C. & R. — Castagne and Robillard. French botanists?
  • C. G. — Commentarii Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis. 4to. 1751—1816.
  • Coes. — Caesalpinus. A famous old Italian botanist.
  • Cam. — Campana. An Italian cultivator.
  • Cam. Ep. — Camerarius (Joachim). De Plantis Epitome utilissima. 4to. Franc. Moen. 1586.
  • Cam. H. — Camerarius (Joachim). Hortus Medicus et Philosophicus. 4to. Franc. Moen. 1588.
  • Campd. — Campdera. A Spanish botanist.
  • Carey. — W. Carey, D. D., of Serampore.
  • Carm. — Capt. D. Carmichael. A Scotch botanist.
  • Cass. — H. Cassini. A French botanist.
  • Castag. — L. Castagne. A French botanist?
  • Cat. — M. Catesby. A botanist, and traveller in North America.
  • Cat. Car. — Catesby (Marsb). The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, &c. 2 vols. fol. London, 1741 — 1743.
  • Cav. — Cavanilles. A Spanish professor and botanist.
  • Cav. Dis. — Cavanilles (Ant. Jos.). Monadelphiae Classis Dissertationes. 10 vols. 4to. Paris, 1785 — 1789. Madrid, 1790.
  • Cav. Ic. — Cavanilles (Ant. Jos.). Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum quae aut sponte in Hispania crescunt aut in Hortis hospitantur. 6 vols. fol. Madrit. 1791 — 1800.
  • Cer. — Vicente Cervantez. A Spanish botanist and professor.
  • Chaix. — A French botanist and ecclesiastic.
  • Chalm. Ic. — Figures of Bulbs, by Miss Chalmers.
  • Cham. — Chamisso. A German traveller round the world.
  • Chan. Cam. — Chandler's Camellias. London.
  • Choi. — Choisy. A Swiss botanist.
  • Chois. Hyp. — Choisy (J. D.). Prodromus d'une Monographie de la Famille des Hypericinées. 4to. 1821.
  • Cl. H. — Clusius (Carolus). Rariorum Plantarum Historia. fol. Antwerp, 1601.
  • Cl. Pan. — Clusius (Carolus). Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Pannoniam observ. Historia. 8vo. 1583 (Hall.), 1584 (Ris.).
  • Clair. — Clairville. A French botanist.
  • Clar. — J. Clarion. A French botanist.
  • Clem. — S. Clemente. A Spanish agriculturist.
  • Clus. — Clusius. An old French botanist and traveller.
  • Co. C. — Colville's Catalogue. Plants cultivated in Colville's nursery, Chelsea.
  • Col. Cas. — Colladon (Frederic). Histoire Naturelle et Médicale des Casses. 4to. Montpelier, 1816.
  • Col. Ec. — Columna (Fabius). Minus cognitarum Stirpium Ecphrasis. 4to. Romae, 1616.
  • Col. H. Rip. — Colla. Hortus Ripulensis. 4to. Turin, 1822—1827.
  • Col. Ph. — Columna (Fabius). Phytobasanos. 4to. 1592.
  • Colb. — Colebrooke. A celebrated English writer upon Indian plants.
  • Coll. — J. F. Colladon. A Genevese botanist.
  • Com. — Commelin. A Dutch garden botanist.
  • Com. H. — Commelyn (Caspar). Horti Medici Amstelodamensis rariorum Plantarum Descriptio et Icones. 2 vols. fol. Amst. 1703.
  • Com. Pet. — Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Petropolitanae. 14 vols. 4to. Petrop. 1728—1751.
  • Com. Pr. Commelyn (Caspar). Praeludia Botanica ad publicas Plantarum Demonstrationes. 4to. L. Bat. 1703.
  • Com. R. Commelyn (Caspar). Horti Medici Amstelodamensis Plantae rariores et exoticae. 4to. L. Bat. 1706.
  • Cook. — Cook (James). Voyage round the World (2d). 2 vols. 4to. 1777.
  • Cor. Ca. — Cornuti (Jacob.). Canadensium Plantarum aliarumque nondum editarum Historia. 4to. Paris, 1635.
  • Corr. — Corréa de Serra. A Portuguese botanist and diplomatist.
  • Cr. — Crantz. An Austrian botanist.
  • Cr. Au. — Crantz (Henr. Joh. Nepom.). Stirpes Austriacae. 8vo. 1762.
  • Crypt. Brit. — Greville (Charles Kaye). The British Cryptogamic Flora. 5 vols. 8vo.
  • Cun. — A.Cunningham. A collector of plants for Kew Gardens.
  • Cup. Pa. — Cupani (Franciscus). Pamphytum Siculum, seu Historia Plantarum Siciliae. fol.
  • Cup. Sic. — Cupani (Franciscus). Catalogus Plantarum Sicularum noviter detectarum. Panormi, 1652.
  • Cur. — Curtis. An English writer upon plants.
  • Cur. Lon. — Curtis (William). Flora Londinensis. fol. London, 1777, continued.
  • Curt. Bot. Mag. — Curtis's Botanical Magazine.
  • Cus. — Cusson. A Swiss writer upon Umbelliferae, whose wife burnt his herbarium.
  • Cyr. — Cyrilli. An Italian botanist.
  • Cyr. Ne. — Cyrillo (Domenico). Plantarum rariorum Regni Neapolitam Specimen. fol. Neapol. 1788—1792.

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D

  • Dalech. — Dalechamps (Jacques). Historia generalis Plantarum. 2 vols. fol. Lugd. 1586—1587.
  • Dan. — Danthoine. A French botanist.
  • Dav. — H. Daries, D.D. A Welsh botanist.
  • Deb. — Debry. A botanist of Frankfort.
  • Dec. — Decandolle. A celebrated French systematic botanist.
  • Dec. As. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Astragalogia. 4to. et fol. 1802.
  • Dec. Bis. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Monographie des Biscutelles, in Annales du Museum, vol. 18. 1811. 4to.
  • Dec. Cac. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Dissertation on Cacti, in Mémoires du Muséum, vol. 17.
  • Dec. Diss. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Dissertations différens sur la Botanique. Various fascicles. 4to.
  • Dec. Gen. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Plantes rares du Jardin de Geneve. Fasc. 1, 2. fol. Geneva, 1825.
  • Dec. Ic. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Icones Plantarum Galliae rariorum. 4to. Paris, 1808.
  • Dec. Leg. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Memoires sur les Légumineuses. 4to.
  • Dec. Mon. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Catalogus Plantarum Horti Monspeliensis, addito observationum circa Species novas aut non satis cognitas Fascicule. 8vo. 1813.
  • Dec. Mu. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. 4to. 1802.
  • Dec. Pl. — Decandolle (Augustus Pyramus). Plantarum Historia succulentarum. foL and 4to. Paris, 1799 — 1830.
  • Del. — Delile. A French professor, and traveller in Egypt.
  • Del. AEg. — Delile (Alire Rafeneau). Mémoires Botaniques extraits de la Description de l'Egypte. fol. Paris, 1813. — Et Flora .AEgyptiaca illustrata. fol. Paris, 1813.
  • Del. Eryn. — De la Roche (François). Eryngiorum necnon Generis novi Alepideae Historia. fol. Paris, 1808.
  • Delan. — Delany. An English artist.
  • Deless. — Delessert. A French botanist.
  • Deless. Ic. — Delessert (Benj.). Icones selectae Plantarum in System. univers. descriptarum. 4to. 1820.
  • Den. Br. — Watson (P. W.). Dendrologia Britannica. 1 vol. 1825.
  • Desf. — Desfontaines. A French botanist, and traveller in Barbary.
  • Des. Eg. — Description de l'Egypte, ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches faites pendant l'Expedition de l'Armée Française. 4to. et fol. 1810.
  • Desf. Mem. — Desfontaines (René Louiche). Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences. 4to. 1666.
  • Desf. At. — Desfontaines (René Louiche). Flora Atlantica. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1798, 1799.
  • Desf. Ch. — Desfontaines (René Louiche). Choix des Plantes du Corollaire des Instituts de Tournefort. 4to. Paris, 1808.
  • Desf. Pic. Desfontaines (René Louiche). Icones pictae Hort. Par. A Series of Drawings of Plants grown in the Jardin des Plantes, Paris. Not published.
  • Desp. — Desportes. A French botanist.
  • Desr. — Desrousseaux. A French botanist.
  • Desv. — Desvaux. A French professor of botany.
  • Deth. — Detharding. A botanist of Rostoch.
  • Deutschl. Fl. — Sturm (Jacob). Deutschlands Flora. 2 vols, 4to. Nürnberg, 1798, &c.
  • Dick. — Dickson. An English cryptogamic botanist.
  • Dick. Cr. — Dickson (James). Plantarum Cryptogamicarum Britannia Fasciculi 3 vols. 4to. London, 1785 — 1793.
  • Die. — Dietrich. A German gardener.
  • Dil. — Dillwyn. An English writer upon Confervae.
  • Di. El. — Dillenius (John Jac.). Hortus Elthamensis. 2 vols. fol. Londini, 1732.
  • Di. Musc. — Dillenius (John Jac.). Historia Muscorum. 4to. Oxonii, 1741.
  • Dit. — Ditmar. A Dutch botanist.
  • Dod. M. — Dodart (Denys). Mémoires pour servir à l'Histoire des Flantes. fol. Paris, 1676.
  • Dod. Pe. — Dodonaeus or Dodoens (Rambrot). Stirpium Historic Pemptades vi. fol. Antwerp, 1583.
  • Domb. — Dombey. A French traveller in South America.
  • D. Don. — David Don. Librarian to the Linnean Society,
  • G. Don. — George Don.
  • Dor. — Dorthes. A French botanist.
  • Dou. — Douglas. A collector of plants.
  • Dow. — Downe.
  • Dry. — Dryander. A Swedish botanist.
  • Dub. — Dubois. A French botanist.
  • Duch. — Duchesne. A French botanist or horticulturist,
  • Dufr. — Dufresne. A French writer upon Valerians.
  • Dufr. Val. — Dufresne (Pierre). Histoire Naturelle et Médicale de la Famille des Valerianées. 4to. 1811.
  • Duh. — Duhamel. A celebrated French physiological botanist.
  • Duh. Ar. — Duhamel du Monceau (Henri Louis). Traité des Arbres et Arbustes qui se cultivent en France en pleine terre. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1755.
  • Duh. Fr. — Duhamel du Monceau (Henri Louis). Traité des Arbres fruitiers. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1768; 3 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1782; fol. Paris, 1808, et seq.
  • Duh. No. — See Duh. Ar. A new edition, by Michel. 5 vols, folio. Paris, 1801—1816.
  • Dum. — Dumont Courset. A writer upon French garden plants.
  • Dun. Mon. — Dunal (Michel Felix). Monographic des Anonacées. 4to.
  • Dun. So. — Dunal (Michel Felix). Histoire Naturelle, Médicale, et Economique des Solanum et des Genres qui ont été confondus avec eux. 4to. Montpelier, 1813.
  • Dunal — Dunal. A French botanist.
  • Durand. — Durand. A French botanist.
  • Durb. — Durborough.
  • Duroi. — Du Roi. A German writer upon plants.
  • Durm. Ha. — Du Roi (Joh. Phil.). Die Harbkische wilde Baumzucht. 2 vols. 8vo. Braunschweig, 1771 — 1772.
  • Dut. — Dutour. A Belgic botanist.
  • Duval. — Duval. A French botanist.
  • Dw. Con. — Dillwyn (Lewis Weston). Synopsis of the British Confervae. 4to. 1802—1814.

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E

  • E. B. — English Botany, by Sir James Edward Smith, and Mr. James Sowerby. 36 vols. 8vo.
  • Eng. Bot. id
  • E. F. — English Flora. By Sir J. E. Smith.
  • Ed. Jour. — The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal. 8vo. Edinburgh. Published quarterly.
  • Ed. Ph. Jour. id
  • Eddy. — Eddy. An English gardener.
  • Ehr. Pl. — Ehret (George Dion.). Plantae et Papiliones rariores. fol. London, 1748—1759.
  • Ehren. — Ehrenberg. A German traveller in Arabia, &c.
  • Ehrh. — Ehrhart. A German botanist.
  • El. Ellis. A London merchant and botanist.
  • Ell. — Elliot. An American botanist.
  • Ency. Pl. — Loudon (J. C. L.). Encyclopaedia of Plants. 8vo. London, 1830.
  • Esp. — Esper. A German writer on Fungi.
  • Esper Fuci. — Esper (Eug. Joh. Christ.). Icones Fucorum. Abbildungen der Tange. 4to. Nürnberg, 1797—1799.
  • Et. — Ettlinger. A German writer on Salvia.
  • Ex. Bot. — Exotic Botany, by Sir J. E. Smith. 2 vol. 4to. London, 1804—1808.
  • Ex. Fl. — See Hook. Ex. Fl.

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F

  • Fau. — Faucoult. A French botanist.
  • Fer. Hes. — Ferrari (Joh. Baptist). Hesperides, sive De malorum aureorura cultura et usu. fol. Romae, 1646.
  • Feu. — Feuillée. A Chilian botanist.
  • Feu. Ob. — Feuillée (Louis). Journal des Observations Physiques, Mathématiques, et Botaniques, faites dans I'Amérique Méridionale, &c. 4to. Paris, 1714—1725.
  • Fi. N. H. — Field (Baron). Geographical Memoirs of New South Wales. 8vo. London, 1825.
  • Fis. — Fischer. A Russian botanist.
  • Fisch. Ic. In. — Collection of Drawings sent by Fischer to Decandolle. Not published.
  • Fl. Ant. — De Tussac (F. R.). Flora Antillarum. fol. Paris, 1808, et seq.
  • Fl. Bad. — Gmelin (Carol. Christ.). Flora Badensis-Alsatica. 8vo. 1808.
  • Fl. Bo. — Schmidt (Franc. Wilib.). Flora Bohemica. 2 vols. fol. Pragae, 1793, 1794.
  • Fl. Br. — Flora Britannica. By Sir James Edward Smith.
  • Fl. Con. — Morris (Richard). Flora Conspicua. 8vo. London, 1826.
  • Fl. Dan. — Flora Danica, sive Icones Plantarum sponte nascentium in Regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, &c. 9 vols. fol. Hafniae, 1761—1829. By Vahl, Hornemann, and Müller.
  • Fl. Gr. — Sibthorp (Job.). Flora Graeca, ed. J. E. Smith. 6 vols. fol. London, 1806—1829.
  • Fl. Lap. — Linnaeus (Carolus). Flora Lapponica. 8vo. Amstelodami, 17S7.
  • Fl. Lorn. — Curtis (William). Flora Londinensis. fol. London, 1777, continued.
  • Fl. Mex. Ic. In. — Sesse and Mocino. Flora Mexicana Icon. ined. Iconibus ab ipso Sesse et Cervantesio curatis nondum editis usus est Candolleus.
  • Fl. Mon. — Magroff (W.). Flora Monacensis.
  • Fl. Nap. — Tenore (Michel). Flora Neapolitana. 4 vols. fol. Neap. 1811, &c.
  • Fl. Norv. — Gunnerus (Job. Enn.). Flora Norvegica. 2 vols. fol. Nidrosiae, 1766; Hafniae, 1772.
  • Fl. Per. — Ruiz (Hippol.) et Pavon (Jos.). Flora Peruviana et Chilensis, 5 vols. fol. Madriti, 1798—1799.
  • Fl. Por. — Hoffmansegg and Link, Flore Portugaise. Fol. Rostock and Berlin, 1806, &c.
  • Fl. Pyr. — Picot de la Peyrouse (Philippe). Figures de la Flore des Pyrenées, fol. Paris, 1795—1801.
  • FL Scot. — Lightfoot (John). Flora Scotica. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1776.
  • Fl. Ver. — Pollini (Cyrus). Flora Veronensis. 3 vols. 8vo. Verona, 1822—1824.
  • Flu. — Flügg. A German writer upon Grasses.
  • For. AEg. — Forskahl (Petrus). Flora AEgyptiaco-Arabica. 4to. 1775. Or, Icones Rerum Nat. 4to. Hafniae, 1776.
  • Forst. — Forskahl. A Danish naturalist, and traveller in Arabia.
  • Forst. — Forster. A traveller in the South Seas with Captain Cook.
  • For. Co. Goet. — Commentarii Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Göttingensis. 4to. Göttingen, 1751, to the present time.
  • Forst. — Forster (George). Characteres generum Plantarum quas in Itinere ad Insulas Maris Australis, &c. 4to. 1776.
  • Fra. — Frazer. A gardener, and collector of plants in North America.
  • Fras. Mon. — Fraser (John). A short History of the Agrostis Cornucopiae. fol. London, 1789.
  • Fries. — Fries. A Swedish botanist, and writer upon Fungi.
  • Fries. Obs. — Fries (Elias). Observationes Mycologicae. 12mo. 2 vols. Hafniae, 1815—1818.
  • Fro. — Frölich. A German writer upon Gentiana.
  • Funk. — Funk. A German cryptogamic botanist.
  • Fuchs. — Fuchs (Leonhard). De Historia Stirpium Commentarii insignes fol. Basiliae, 1542—1545.

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G

  • G. & A. — Greville and Arnott. British botanists.
  • Gae. — Gaertner. A celebrated German carpologist.
  • Gae. Fr. — Gaertner (Josephus). De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum. 2 vols. 4to. Lipsiae, 1788—1791.
  • Gar. Aix. — Garidel (Pierre Joseph). Histoire des Plantes qui naissent aux Environs d'Aix. 2 vols. fol. Aix, 1715.
  • Gard. Mag. — Loudon (J. C. L.). Gardener's Magazine. London, 1826, continued.
  • Gau. — Gaudin. A Swiss botanist.
  • Gay. — Gay. A French botanist.
  • Gay. Dis. — Gay (John). Fragment d'une Monographie des Buttneriacées. 4to. Paris, 1823.
  • Ger. — Gerard. An old French botanist.
  • Ger. Em. Gerard (John). The Herbal, or General History of Plants, fol. London, 1597. Enlarged by Johnson, fol. 1638.
  • Ger. Gal. — Gerard (Ludovic). Flora Gallo-provinclalis. 8vo. Paris, 1761.
  • Gil. Eu. — Gilibert (Joh. Em.). Histoire des Plantes de l'Europe, ou Elémens de Botanique Pratique. 2 vols. 8vo. Lyons, 1798; 3 vols. 8vo. Lyons, 1806.
  • Gilib. — Gilibert. A Lithuanian botanist.
  • Gill. — Gillies's MSS. Dr. Gillies, a Scotch botanist.
  • Gin. — Gingins. A French botanist.
  • Gled. — Gleditsch. A German botanist.
  • Glox. — Gloxin, A botanist of Strasburgh.
  • Gm. — Gmelin. A Russian botanist, and traveller in Siberia.
  • Gm. It. — Gmelin (J. G.). Reise durch Sibirien. 4vols. 8vo. Götting. 1751—1753.
  • Gm. Si. — Gmelin (J. G.) Flora Sibirica. 4 vols. 4to. Petropol. 1747—1769.
  • Goch. — Gochnat, A German botanist.
  • Gold. — Goldie. A nurseryman at Ayr, in Scotland,
  • Goldb. — Goldbach. A Russian botanist.
  • Good. — Goodenough. Bishop of Carlisle. An English botanist.
  • Gou. — Gouan. A French botanist.
  • Gou. Il. — Gouan (Antoine). lllustrationes Botanicae. fol. Tiguri, 1773.
  • Gou. M. — Gouan (Antoine). Hortus Regius Monspeliensis. 8vo. Lugduni, 1762.
  • Gr. Wo. — Sinclair (George). Hortus Gramineus Woburnensis. 8vo. 1825.
  • Grah. — Graham, M. D. Regius professor of botany at Edinburgh. An assiduous botanist.
  • Grev. — Greville. An English botanist, and writer upon cryptogamic plants.
  • Grev. Cryp. — Greville (Robert Kaye). The Scottish Cryptogamic Flora. 4 vols. 8vo.
  • Gro. — Gronovius. A botanist of Leyden.
  • Guer. — Guersent. A French botanist.
  • Gül. — Güldenstaedt. A Russian botanist.
  • Günt. — Günther. A Silesian botanist.

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H

  • H. An. — Hortus Anglicus.
  • H. & B. — Humboldt and Bonpland. Famous travellers and botanists.
  • H. & B. N. — Humboldt, Bonpland, and Kunth. Nova Plantarum Genera et Species. 7 vols. 4to. Paris, 1815 to 1825.
  • H. Ben. — Roxburgh (Will.). Hortus Bengalensis. 8vo. Calcutta, 1814.
  • H. Ber. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.). Hortus Berolinensis. fol. Berlin, 1806—1810.
  • H. C. — Chelsea botanic garden.
  • H. Cels. — Catalogue of the plants cultivated in the garden of M. Cels.
  • H. Cl. — Linnaeus (Carolus). Hortus Cliffortianus. fol. Amst. 1737.
  • H. Er. — Hortus Erfurtsiensis. Catalogue of the plants cultivated in the botanical garden of Erfurt.
  • H. Er. Wo. — Hortus Ericeus Woburnensis. 4to. London, 1824.
  • H. Flor. — Passaeus (Crispinus). Hortus Floridus. fol. Arnheim, 1614.
  • H. & G. Ic. — Hooker (W. J.) and Greville (R. K.). Icones Filicum. fol. London, 1827.
  • H. & G. — Hooker, LL.D., and Greville, LL.D. English botanists resident in Scotland.
  • H. Göt. — Hortus Göttingensis. 2 fasc. fol. Göttingae, 1809—1813.
  • Hal. H. — Haller (Albert). Historia Stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae. 3 vols. fol. Berne, 1768.
  • H. Has. — Moench (Conrad). Enumeratio Plantarum indigenarum Hassieae. 8vo. Cassel, 1777.
  • H. Kew. — Aiton (William). Hortus Kewensis. Ed. 1. 3 vol. 8vo. London, 1789.
  • H. L. — Liverpool botanic garden.
  • H. Madr. Lagasco (Mariano). Catalogus Plantarum quae in Horto Regio Madritensi colebantur anno 1815. 8vo. Madriti, 1816.
  • H. Mon. — Decandolle(Aug. Pyr.). Catalogus Horti Monspeliensis. 8vo. Monspelii, 1813; 8vo. Göttingen, 1777.
  • H. N. H. — Hotton (Petrus). Rei herbariae Historiae et fatto sermo Acad. 4to. Lugd. 1695.
  • H. Par. — Of the Paris garden.
  • H. Pfl. — Houttuyn (Martin). Des Ritters von Linné Pflanzensystem nach der Anleitung des Houttuynschen Werks. 14 vols. 8vo. Nürnberg, 1777—1788.
  • H. & T. — Hooker and Taylor. English botanists.
  • H.T. — Hortus Taurinensis. Catalogue of the plants cultivated in the botanical garden at Turin.
  • H. Tr. — Transactions of the London Horticultural Society.
  • Habl. — Hablizl. A Russian botanist.
  • Hac. Ca. — Hacquet (Balthazar). Plantae Alpinae Carniolicae. 4to. Vienna, 1782.
  • Hae. — Haenke. A German botanical writer.
  • Hag. Lich. — Hagen (C. G.). Tenlamen Historiae Lichenum praesertim Prussicorum. 8vo. Regiomonti, 1782.
  • Hal. — Haller. A Swiss botanist.
  • Hal. F. — Haller the younger.
  • Ham. — Hamilton. A Scotch botanist, and traveller in the East Indies.
  • Har. — Hartig. A writer on the culture of forest trees.
  • Haw. — Haworth. An English writer upon succulent plants.
  • Hay. — Hayne. A German botanist.
  • Hay. Ter. — Hayne (Frid. Gottlieb). Termini Botanici Iconibus illustrati. 4to. Berlin, 1799.
  • Hay. Us. — Hayne (Frid. Gottlieb) in Usteri's Annalen der Botanik. 6 vols. 8vo. Zurich, 1791—1793.
  • Hed. Cryp. — Hedwig (Johannes). Theoria Generationis et Fructificationis Plantarum Cryptogamicarum. 4to. Petropoli, 1784.
  • Hed. Mus. — Hedwig (Johannes). Species Muscorum Frondosorum. 4to. Lipsiae, 1801.
  • Hedw. — Hedwig. — A German cryptogamic botanist.
  • Hei. — Heister. A German botanist.
  • Her. Am Courset (Dumont de), or Delaune. Herbier de l'Amateur. Paris.
  • Herb. — Herbert. An English divine and botanist.
  • Herb. Ar. — Herbert (William). A Botanical Arrangement of Bulbous Roots. 8vo. 1821.
  • Her. Ger. — L'Heritier (Charles Louis). Geraniologia. fol. Paris, 1787, 1788.
  • Her. Lug. — Hermann (Paulus). Horti Lugduni Batavi Catalogus. 8vo. Lugd. Bat. 1687.
  • Her. Par. — Hermann (Paulus). Paradisus Batavus. 4to. Lugd. Bat. 1798.
  • Her. ser. — L'Heritier (Charles Louis). Sertum Anglicum, sive Plantae rariores. fol. Paris, 1788.
  • Her. St. — L'Heritier (Charles Louis). Stirpes novae aut minus cognitae. fol. Paris, 1784, 1785.
  • Herit. — L'Heritier. A French botanist.
  • Herm. — Hermann. Professor of botany at Leyden.
  • Heyne. — Heyne. A writer on East Indian Plants.
  • Hil. — Auguste St. Hilaire. A French botanist, and traveller in Brazil.
  • Hill. — Hill. An English compiler of botanical matters.
  • Hof. Cryp. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Vegetabilia Cryptogamica. 4to. Lipsiae, 1787—1790.
  • Hof. Ger. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Flora Germanica. 2 vols. 4to.
  • Hof. Göt. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Programma Horti Göttingensis. fol. 1793.
  • Hof. Ph. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Phytographische Blätter. 8vo. Göttingen.
  • Hof. Sa. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Historia Salicum Iconibus illustrata. fol. Lipsiae, 1785.
  • Hof. Um. — Hoffmann (Georg Franz). Umbelliferarum Genera. 8vo. 1816.
  • Hofg. — Hoffmannsegg. A botanist of Dresden.
  • Hofm. — Hoffmann. A German writer upon Umbelliferae, &c.
  • Hogg. — Hogg. A nurseryman at New York.
  • Hök. — Hökert. A Swedish botanist.
  • Hol. — Holwell. An English botanist.
  • Holm. — Holmskiold. A Danish botanist.
  • Hook. — Hooker. An English botanist, and professor at Glasgow.
  • Hook. Ex. Fl. — Hooker (W.J.). The Exotic Flora. 3 vols. 8vo. Edinb. 1825—1827.
  • Hook. Jung. — Hooker (W.J.). Monograph of the British Jungermanniae. 4to. London, 1812—1816.
  • Hoppe. — Hoppe. A German botanist, and collector of plants.
  • Hor. Ph. — Horae Physicae Berolinenses. fol. Berlin.
  • Horn. — Hornemann. A Danish botanist and professor.
  • Horns. — Hornschurch. A German botanist and professor.
  • Hort. — Of the gardens.
  • Hort. Tr. — Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. 7 vols. 4to. Continued.
  • Host. — Host. An Austrian writer upon grapes and European plants.
  • Host. Gr. — Host (Nicol. Thom.). Icones et Descriptiones Graminum. Austriacorum. 3 vols. fol. Vindob. 1801—1803.
  • H. G.Ditto
  • Hout. — Houttuyn. A botanist of Amsterdam.
  • Hrtm. — Hartmann. A botanist of Stockholm.
  • Hud. — Hudson. An English writer upon British plants.
  • Hum. — Humboldt. A celebrated Prussian traveller and philosopher.
  • Hunter. — An English botanist.

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I

  • Ic. H. K. — Bauer (Francis). Delineations of Exotic Plants cultivated in the Royal Garden at Kew, published by W. J. Aiton, fol. London, 1796.
  • Is. Ac. Pa. — Isnard. See Ac. Par.
  • Ives. — Ives. An American botanist.

J

  • J. — Jussieu. A celebrated French systematic botanist.
  • Jac. — Jacquin. An Austrian traveller in South America, and botanist.
  • Jac. Am. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Stirpium Americanarum Historia. fol. 1763.
  • Jac. Am. Pic. — The same work with coloured plates, no date.
  • Jac. Au. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Florae Austriacae Icones. 5 vols. fol. Vindob. 1773—1778.
  • Jac. C. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Collectanea ad Botanicam, &c. spectantia. 5 vols. 4to. Vindob. 1786—1796.
  • Jac. Ec. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Eclogae Botanicae. fol. 1811—1816.
  • Jac. Fr. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Fragmenta Botanica. fol. 1800—1809.
  • Jac. Gram. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Eclogae Botanicae. fol. 1811—1816.
  • Jac. H. Vin. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Hortus Botanicus Vindobonensis. 3vols. fol. Vindob. 1764—1776.
  • Jac. Ic. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Icones Plantarumrariorum. 3 vols. fol. Vindob. 1781—1793.
  • Jac. M. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Miscellanea Austriaca ad Botanicam, &c. spectantia. 2 vols. 4to. Vindob. 1778—1781.
  • Jac. Ob. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Observationes Botanicae. fol. Vindob. 1764—1771.
  • Jac. Ox. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Oxalidis Monographia Iconibus illustrata. 4to. Vindob. 1792.
  • Jac. Sc. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos.). Plantarum rariorum Horti Caesarei Schoenbrunensis. 4 vols. fol. Vindobonen. 1797—1804.
  • Jac. St. — Von Jacquin (Nicolas Jos. ). Stapeliae cultae. fol. Vindob. 1806—1815.
  • Jack. — Jackson. An English botanist.
  • Jnghans. — Junghans. A botanist of Halle.
  • Jo. H. N. — Journal d'Histoire Naturelle. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1792.
  • Jo. Sc. — Journal of Science, edited at the Royal Institution. 8vo. Published quarterly.
  • Jon. — Jones. An accomplished writer upon Indian matters.
  • Jun. Ic. — Junghans (Phil. Carp.). Icones Plantarum ad Vitam impressae. fol. Halae, 1787.
  • Juss. Sci. — Jussieu, in Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences. 4to. Paris, 1740.

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K

  • Kaem. — Kaempfer. A traveller in Japan.
  • Kaem. Am. — Kaempfer (Engelbert). Amoenitates Exoticae. 4to. Lemgoviae, 1712.
  • Kaem. Ic. — Kaempfer (Engelbert). Icones selectae Plantarum. fol. London, 1791.
  • Kern. Abr. — Kerner (John Sim.). Abbildungen und Beschreibungen der Baume welche in Würtemberg wild wachsen. 4 heft. 4to. Stuttgard, 1783—1786.
  • Ker. Rec. — Ker (John Bellenden). Recensio Plantarum hucusque in Repositorio Botanicorum depictarum. 4to. London, 1801.
  • Kion. — Not known.
  • Kit. — Kitaibel. A Hungarian botanist.
  • Kn. Pr. — Knight's Proteaecae.
  • Kno. Del. — Knorr (Georg. Wolfgang). Deliciae Naturae selectae. 2 vols. fol. Nürnberg, 1766, 1767.
  • Kno. Th. — Knorr (Georg. Wolfgang). Thesaurus Rei Herbariae Hortensisque universalis. 2 vols. fol. 1770—1772.
  • Koch. — Koch. A professor at Erlang.
  • Koel. — Koeler. A writer on German and French grasses.
  • Kölle. — Kolle. A botanist of Erlang.
  • Kön. — Konig. Several German naturalists of this name.
  • Kr. Sil. Krocker (Ant. Job.). Flora Silesiaca renovata. 2 vols. 8vo. Vratislaviae, 1787—1790.
  • Kth. — Kunth. A Prussian botanist.
  • Kth. Mim. — Kunth (Car. Sigism.) Mimoses et autres Plantes Légumineuses du Nouveau Continent, fol. Paris, 1819, &c.
  • Kun. Nov. G. — Kunth (Car. Sigism.). Nova Genera et Species Plantarum. 7 vols. 4to. Paris, 1825.
  • Kunze. — Kunze. A German cryptogamic botanist.

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L

  • L. — Linnaeus. The celebrated Swedish reformer of natural history.
  • L. D. Fr. — Loiseleur's Duhamel, &c. A new edition by Loiseleur Deslongchamps. See Duh. Fr.
  • L. Fil. — Linnaeus the younger. The son of the great Linnaeus.
  • L. F. Dec. — Linnffius (Carolus, filius). Plantarum rariorum Horti Upsaliensis Decas. fol. Stock. 1762, 176S.
  • L. F. Fa. — Linnaeus (Carolus, filius). Plantarum rariorum Horti Upsaliensis fasciculus 1. fol. Lips. 1767.
  • L. & O. Ab. — Link (Henr. Frid.) und Otto (Frid.). Abbildungen und Beschreibungen seltener Pflanzen im Berlin. Garten. 4to. Berlin, 1821 and the following years.
  • L. & O. A. B. G.Ditto
  • L. & O. Dis. — Link (Henr. Frid.) und Otto (Frid.). Ueber die Gattungen Melocactus und Echinocactus in Hort. Soc. Trans. Berlin, vol. 2. 4to.
  • L. & O. H. Ber. — Link (Henr. Frid.) et Otto (Frid.). Horae Physicae Berolinenses. fol.
  • L. Tr. — Linnsean Society's Transactions.
  • Lah. — Labillardière. A French botanist.
  • Lah. N. H. — Labillardière (Jac. Jul.). Novae Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen. 2 vols. fol. Paris, 1804—1806.
  • Lab. Syr. — Labillardière (Jac. Jul.). Icones Plantarum Syrise rariorum. fol. Paris, 1791—1812.
  • Lab. Vo. — Labillardière (Jac. Jul.). Relation du Voyage a la Recherche de La Peyrouse. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1798.
  • Lag. — Lagasca. A Spanish botanist and professor.
  • Lal. — La Lave. A Mexican botanist.
  • Lam. — Lamarck. A French botanist.
  • Lam. Ic. In. — Lamarck (Jean Baptiste Monet de). Icones Plantarum ined.
  • Lam. Il. — Lamarck (Jean Baptiste Monet de). Illustrations des Genres. 4to. Paris, 1791, &c.
  • Lamb. — A. B. Lambert, V. P. L. S. An English botanist.
  • Lamb. Ci. — Lambert (Aylmer Bourke). Description of the Genus Cinchona. London, 1797.
  • Lamb. Pin. — Lambert (Aylmer Bourke). A Description of the Genus Pinus. fol. London, 1803. New edit. 1829.
  • Lamour. Dis. — Lamouroux (Justin). Dissertations sur plusieurs Especes de Fucus. 4to. Agen, 1805.
  • Lan. — Langsdorff. A Russian botanist.
  • Lap. — La Peyrouse. A French writer upon the plants of the Pyrenees.
  • Lap. Sax. — La Peyrouse (Philip Picot). Monographia Saxifragarum cujus partem facit, &c. Toulouse.
  • Lar. — Laroche. A French botanist.
  • Lar. Dis. — De La Roche (Daniel). Specimen Botanicum inaugurale sistens Descriptiones Plantarum aliquot novarum. 4to. 1766.
  • Law. — Lawrence (Miss). An English flower-painter.
  • Lawr. Pass. — Lawrence (Miss). Six numbers of coloured figures of Passion Flowers. fol. London.
  • Lawr. Bos. — Lawrence (Miss). A Collection of Roses from Nature, fol. London, 1799.
  • Lax. — Laxmann. A German writer on Siberian plants.
  • Lee. — Leconte. An American botanist.
  • Lee. Pas. — Leconte's Pastures.
  • Lech. — Lechenault. A French botanist.
  • Led. — Ledebour. A botanist, and traveller in Siberia.
  • Lee. — Lee. A nurseryman at Hammersmith.
  • Lee. Gr. — Leers (Jon. Dan.) Flora Herbornensls. 8vo. Colon. Allobr. 1789.
  • Leers Her.Ditto
  • Leers. — Leers. A German botanist.
  • Leh. — Lehmann. A German botanist, and professor at Hamburgh.
  • Leh. As. — Lehmann (J. C. G. ). Plantse Asperifoliae Nucifi 2 vols. 4to. Berlin, 1818.
  • Leh. B. — Lehmann (J. C. G. ) in Berlinisches Magazin, &c.
  • Leh. M. — Lehmann (J. G. G. ). Monographia Generis Primiularum. 4to. Lipsia, 1817.
  • Leh. Nic. — Lehjnann (J. C. G.). Generis Nicotianarum Historia. 4to. 1818.
  • Leh. Pot. — Lehmann (J. C. G.). Monographia Generis Potentillarum. 4to. Hamburgh, 1820.
  • Ly. — Lejeune. A French botanist.
  • Lem. — Leman. A botanist mentioned in Dec. Fl. Franc.
  • Lep. — Lepechin. A Russian botanist.
  • Lepd. — Lepelletier. A French botanist.
  • Lewis. — Lewis. An American traveller.
  • Leys. — Leysser. A botanist of Halle.
  • Lich. — Lichtenstein. A German botanist and professor.
  • Light. — Lightfoot. A writer upon the Scottish Flora.
  • Liljeb. — Liljeblad. A professor at Upsal.
  • Lind. — Lindern. A French botanist.
  • Lind. Col. — Lindley (John). Collectanea Botanica. fol. London, 1821.
  • Lind. Dig. — Lindley (John). Digitalium Monographia. fol. London, 1821.
  • Lind. Ros. — Lindley (John). Rosarum Monographia. 8vo. London, 1821.
  • Lindl. — Lindley. An English botanist, and professor in London.
  • Lin. Er. — Linnaeus's Ericae.
  • Lin. Tr. — Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 4to. London, 1791, &c.
  • Liv. — Livinston. A Scotch botanist.
  • Lk. — Link. A Prussian botanist.
  • Lk. & O. — Link and Otto. Prussian botanists.
  • Lh. Obs. — Link (Henr. Frid.). Observationes in Ordines Plantarum Naturales (Fungos tantum), diss. 1. et 2. in Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde.
  • Lo. C. — Loddiges' Catalogue. Catalogue of the plants cultivated in Loddiges' Nursery at Hackney.
  • Lo. S. — Loddiges' Supplement.
  • Lob. — Lobel. An old writer upon plants.
  • Lob. Ic. — De Lobel or Lobelius (Mathias). Stirpium Icones. 4to. Antwerp, 1591.
  • Lob. Ob. — De Lobel or Lobelius (Mathias). Observationes Botanicae.
  • Lock. — Lockhart. Superintendent of the Trinidad Botanical Garden.
  • Lod. — Loddiges. English nurserymen and botanists.
  • Loe. — Loeffling. A Swedish botanist and traveller.
  • Loef. It. — Loefling (Peter). Iter Hispanioum. 8vo. Stockholm, 1758.
  • Loe. Pr. — Loeselius (John). Flora Prussica. 4to. Regiomonti, 1793.
  • Loi. — Loiseleur Deslongchamps. A French botanist.
  • Loi. Gal. — Loiseleur Deslongchamps (J. L. A.). Flora Gallica. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris, 1806, 1807.
  • Loi. No. — Loiseleur Deslongchamps (J. L. A.). Notices sur les Plantes à ajouter à la Flore de France. 8vo. Paris, 1810.
  • Loi. Sup. — Loiseleur Deslongchamps (J. L. A.). Supplement to Flora Gallica. 8vo. Paris, 1807.
  • Lon. — Londes. A botanist of Göttingen.
  • Lou. — Loureiro. A Portuguese traveller in Cochin China.
  • Loud. Enc. PL.— Loudon (J. C. L.). Encyclopedia of Plants. 8vo. London, 1830.
  • Loud. G. M.— Loudon (J. C. L.). Gardener's Magazine. 8vo. London, 1826, &c.
  • Loud. M. N. H. — Loudon (J. C. L.). Magazine of Natural History. 8vo. London.
  • Loudon. — J. C. Loudon. Author of various agricultural, horticultural, and botanical works.
  • Lum. — Lumnitzer. A German botanist.
  • Lunan. — Lunan. A writer on Jamaica plants.
  • Lyell. — Lyell. A Scotch botanist.
  • Lyng. — Lyngbye. A Danish writer upon cryptogamic matters.
  • Lyng. Hyd. — Lyngbye(H. C). Hydrophytologia Daniea. 4to. Copenhagen.
  • Lyon. — Lyon. A collector of American plants.

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M

  • M. Fl. Vi. — Moretti (Gius.). Notizia sopra diverse Piante da aggungiarsi alia Flora Vicentina. 4to. 1813.
  • M. H. — Morison (Robert). Plantarum Historico Universalis Oxomensis. 2 vols. fol. Oxon. 1680.
  • M. In. — Memoires del'Institut National des Sciences et des Arts. 4to. Paris, 1796, et seq.
  • M. Msq. — Usher, in Memoirs of Natural History of Moscow. See Mem. Mosc.
  • M. & S. — Mocino and Sesse. Mexican botanists. M. Urn. — Morison (Robert). Plantarum Umbelliferarum Distributio nova. fol. Oxon. 1672.
  • Mag. Ber. — Martini (Henr.) Berlinisches Magazin oder Gesammlete Schriften. 8vo. Berlin, 1765—1767.
  • Mag. H. — Magnol (Petrus). Hortus Regius Monspeliensis. 8vo. Monsp. 1697.
  • Mag. Mo. — Magnol (Petrus). Botanicon Monspeliense. 12mo. Monsp. 1686.
  • Mag. Nat. Hist. — Loudon (J. C. L.). Magazine of Natural History. 8vo. London, 1828, &c. Continued.
  • Ma. C. — Mackay's Catalogue. Catalogue of the plants cultivated in Mackay's nursery at Clapton.
  • Marcg. Bra. — Marcgravius (Georg). Historia Rerum Naturalium Brasiliae. fol. L. Bat. 1648.
  • Marg. — Marcgraav. A traveller in Brazil.
  • Marsh. — Marshall. A writer on American trees.
  • Mart. — Martins. A Bavarian botanist, and traveller in Brazil.
  • Mart. Br. — Martius (C. F. P.) Nova Genera et Species Plantarum quas in Itinere per Brasiliam ann. 1817—1820, &c. 4to.
  • Mart. Cen. — Martyn (John). Historia Plantarum rariorum. Cent. 1. dec. 1—5. fol. London, 1728.
  • Mart. Med. — Von Martius (Carl F. P.). Specimen Materiae Medic* Brasiliensis. Monach. 1824. fol.
  • Mart. Palm. Ic. — Von Martius (Carl F. P.) Genera et Species Palmarum quas in Itinere per Brasiliam collegit. Monach. 1824. fol.
  • Mas. — Masson. A collector of plants at the Cape, and elsewhere.
  • Mass. St. — Masson (Francis). Stapeliae novs. fol. London, 1798.
  • Mat. Com. — Mathiolus (P. Andr.). Commentarii in Libros Dioscoridis de Medica Materia.
  • Mat. Op. — Mathiolus (P. Andr.). Opera Omnia, fol. Franco/. 1598; Basiliae, 1674.
  • Mayer. — Several German botanists of this name.
  • Med. — Medicus. A German botanist of the eighteenth century.
  • Mee. Ic. — Meerburg (Nicol). Plantarum selectarum Icones pictae. fol. L. Bat. 1798.
  • Mim. M. — Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. 4to. Paris, 1815—1829.
  • Mem. Mosc.— Mémoires de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscow. 6 vols. 4to. Moscow, 1811, &c.
  • Men. Pu. — Mentzel (Christ.). Pugillus Plantarum rariorum. fol. 1682.
  • Menz. — Menzies. A Scotch botanist, and traveller round the world with Vancouver.
  • Mer. Sur. — Merian (Maria Sybilla). De Metamorphosibus Insectorum Surinamensium. fol. Hagae, 1726.
  • Merat. — Merat. A French botanist.
  • Mert. — Mertens. A French botanist.
  • Mey. — Meyer. A German botanist.
  • Mic. Am. — Michaux (Andre). Flora Boreali-Americana. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1803.
  • Mic. Ar. — Michaux (Andre Franc fils). Histoire des Arbres forestiers de l'Amérique Septentrionale. 3 vols. 4to. Paris, 1810—1813.
  • Mic. Gen. — Micheli (Peter Ant.). Nova Plantarum Genera, fol. Florence, 1729.
  • Mic. Quer. — Michaux (Andre). Histoire des Chênes de l'Amérique Septentrionale fol. Paris, 1801.
  • Mich. — Micheli. A Florentine botanist.
  • Miers. — Miers. A South American collector.
  • Mik. — Mikan. A German writer on Brazilian plants.
  • Mil. — Miller. An English gardener and botanist.
  • Mil. D. Ed. — Miller Philip). Gardener's Dictionary. Second edition. 2 vols, fol London, 1760.
  • Mil. Ic. — Miller (Philip). Figures of plants described in the Gardener's Dictionary. 2 vols. fol. London, 1760.
  • Mir. — Mirbel. A French physiological botanist.
  • Mo. Gr. — Monti (Josephus). Catalogi Stirpiura Agri Bononiensis Prodromus Gramina et Affinia complectens. 4to. Bononiae, 1719.
  • Moc. — Mocino. A Mexican botanist.
  • Moen. — Moench. A German botanist.
  • Moen. Wei. — Moench (Conrad). Yerzeichniss auslandischer Bifume des Lustschlosses Weissenstein. 8vo. Frankf. 1785.
  • Mohr. — Mohr. A German cryptogamic writer.
  • Mol. — Molina. An Italian writer upon the natural history of Chile.
  • Mon. — Montin. A Swedish botanist.
  • Mor. — Morison. An old writer on plants.
  • Mord. — Mordant de Launy. A French botanist.
  • Moret. — Moretti. An Italian botanist.
  • Moug. — Mougeot. A German cryptogamic botanist.
  • Muhl. — Muhlenberg. A North American botanist.
  • Muhl. Dan. — Muller (Ott. Frid.). Flora Danica. vols. 4 and 5. The rest by Vahl and Hornemann. 5 vols. fol. Havniae, 1766—1782.
  • Munt. Ph. — Munting (Abrab.). Phytographia curiosa. fol. 1702. 1713. 1727.
  • Mur. — Murray. A German botanist.
  • Mur. Pr. — Murray (Joh. Andr.). Prodromus Designationis Stirpium Gottingensium. 8vo. Gotting. 1770.
  • Mus. — Mussin-Puschkin. A Russian botanist, and traveller in Caucasus.
  • Muse. Brit. — Hooker and Taylor, Muscologia Britannica. 8vo. London, 1818.
  • Musc. Hib. — Turner (Dawson). Muscologiae Hibernicae Specimen. 12mo. London, 1804.
  • Mutis. — Mutis. A Spanish botanist, resident in New Grenada.
  • Mx. — Michaux. A French botanist, and traveller in North America.

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N

  • N A. P. — Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae.
  • N. C. G. — Novi Commentarii Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis. 4to. 1751, to the present time.
  • N. C. P. — Novi Commentarii Academiae Imperially Petropolitanae.
  • N. Cur. — Nova Acta Physico-medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Nature Curiosorum. 4to. Continued.
  • N. H. — Acta Literaria Universitatis Hafniensis. 4to. Hafniae, 1778, &c.
  • N. & M. — Nees and Martius. German botanists.
  • N. M. R. — Nees and Martius, in Nova Acta Physico-medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum Bonnae. 4to. 1757, to present time.
  • Nat. Per. — Willdenow (Lud.). Der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin neue Scbriften. 4to. Berlin, 1795, &c.
  • Neck. — Necker. A German writer upon botanical affairs.
  • Nees. — Nees von Esenbeck. A German botanist.
  • Nees H. B. — Nees von Esenbeck (C. G.). Horae Physicae Berolinenses collectae: ex Symbolis Virorum doctorum Link, Rudolphi, &c. fol. 1820.
  • Nees Pilze. — Nees von Esenbeck (C. G.), Das System der Filze und Schwamme. 4to. Wurzburg, 1817. [
  • Nees R. G. — Nees von Esenbeck (C. G.). Assisted by Aug. Weihe. Rubis Germanicis edendis, &c. 4to. Rome, 1823.
  • Nes. Pot. — Nestler (C. G.). Monographia de torati Potentilla. 4to. Parisiis et Argentorati, 1816.
  • Nest. — Nestler. A botanist of Strasburgh.
  • Niv.— Niven. A collector of plants at the Cape.
  • Noc. — Nocca. A professor of Pavia.
  • Nocca Tr. Nocca (Dominicus). Ticinensis Horti Plantae selectae. 1 fasc. fol. Papiae, 1814. I
  • Noi. Jar.— Noisette (Louis). Le Jardin Fruitier. 4to. Paris, 1813.
  • Nois.— Noisette. A French nurseryman.
  • Nor. Noronha. A Spanish botanist who visited Madagascar.
  • Nov. Com. Got. — See N. C. G.
  • Nut. — Nuttall. A North American botanist.

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O

  • Oed.— Oeder. A Danish botanist.
  • Oliv. — Olivier. A French botanist, and traveller in Persia.
  • Or. Ortega. A Spanish botanist.
  • Or. D. — De Ortega (Cas. Gomez). Novarum aut rariorum Plantarum Hort. K. Madritensis Decades. 4to. Madrid, 1797, 1798.
  • Osb. It. — Osbeck (Peter). A Voyage to China, &c. 8vo. London, 1771.
  • Otth. — Otth. A French writer in Decandolle's Prodromus.
  • Otto. — A Prussian gardener.

P

  • Pa. It. Gen — Pallas (Peter Simon). Eeise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. 3 vols. 4to. Petrop. 1771—1776.
  • Pal. As. — Pallas (Peter Simon). Species Astragalorum descripts et Iconibus illustrae. fol. Lips. 1800.
  • Pal. M. Pallas (Peter Simon). Illustrationes Plantarum minus cognatarum. fol. Lipsite. 1803.
  • Pal. It. — Pallas (Peter Simon). Voyages dans I'Empire Russe. 8 vols. 8vo.
  • Pal. P. — Pallas (Peter Simon). In the Petersburgh Transactions. See Ac. Pet.
  • Pal. Ros. — Pallas (Peter Simon). Flora Rossica. fol. Petrop. 1784—1788.
  • Pall. — Pallas. A Russian traveller and naturalist.
  • Par. Lon. — Salisbury (Rich. Ant.). Paradisus Londinensis. 2 vols. 4to. London. 1805—1808.
  • Par. P. Parkinson (John). A Paradise of Pleasant Flowers, fol. London, 1629.
  • Par. Til. — Parkinson (John). Theatrum Botanicum. fol. London, 1640.
  • Parm. Parmentier. A French nurseryman.
  • Parry's App. Ic. — Parry (William). A Voyage to discover the North West Passage. 4to. London. Appendix.
  • Pat. — Patrin. A Russian traveller.
  • Patters. — Patterson (William). A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots. 4to. London, 1789.
  • Perp. — Perpenti. A female Italian botanist.
  • Pers. — Persoon. A French botanist.
  • Pers. Disp. — Persoon ( Christ. Henr.). Tentamen Dispositionis methodicae Fungorum. 8vo. Lips. 1797.
  • Pers. Ic. Pict. — Persoon (Christ. Henr.). Icones pictae Specierum rariorum Fiingorum. 4to. Paris and Strasb. 1803.
  • Pers. Syn. — Persoon (Christ. Henr.). Synopsis Plantarum, seu Enchiridion Botanicum. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris, 1805—1807.
  • Pet. — Petagna. A Neapolitan botanist.
  • Pet. Brit. — Petiver (James). Herbarii Britannici Catalogus. fol. London, 1702—1704.
  • Pet. Fil. — Petiver (James). Pterigraphia Americana, fol. London.
  • Pet. G. — Petiver (James). Gazophylacium Naturae et Artis. fol. London, 1703—1704.
  • Pet. M. — Petiver (James). Musaei Petiveriani Centuriae 10. 8vo. London, 1695.
  • Ph. — Pursh. A Prussian botanist, and traveller in North America.
  • Ph. Am. — Pursh (Frederick). Flora Americanae Septentrionalis. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1814.
  • Ph. Tr. — Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 4to. 1665 to the present time.
  • Pic. H. P. — Picciuoli (Giuseppe). Hortus Panciaticus. 4to. Firenze, 1783.
  • Pis. Br Piso (Gulielm.). Historia Naturalis Brasiliae. fol. Amsterdam, 1648.
  • Pis. Lib. — Piso (Gulielm.). De Indiae utritusque Re naturali et medica libri 14. fol. 1658.
  • Pl. Am. — Plunder (Charles). Description des Plantes de l'Amerique. fol. 1693—1712.
  • Pl. Bee. — Decandolle (Aug. Pyr. ). Plantarum Historia succulentarum. fol. and 4to. Paris, 1799—1803.
  • Pl. Ed. B. — Plumier (Charles). Plantae Americanae a C. Plumier detectae et a J. Burmanno editae. fol. Amst. 1755.
  • Pl. Fil. — Plumier (Charles). Traité des Fougères de l'Amérique. fol. Paris, 1705.
  • Pl. Gen. — Pluimier (Charles). Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera. 4to. Paris, 1703.
  • Pl. Ic. — Plumier (Charles). Plantarum Americanarum fasc. 10, continentes Plantar quas olim C. Plumierius detexit et depinxit. Edidit Johannes Burmannus fol. Amst. 1755.
  • Plan. H. B. — Plants Selectae Hojfti Berolinensis. See L. & O. Ab.
  • Pill. Ic. — Plenck (Jos. Jac. ). Icones Plantarum medicinalium. Fasc. fol. 1803, et seq.
  • Plu. — Plumier. A French botanist, and traveller in the West Indies.
  • Plut. Al. — Plukenett (Leonard). Almagestum Botanicum, sive Phyt. Onomasticon, 4to. 1796.
  • Plui. Am. — Plukenett (Leonard). Amaltheum Botanicum. 4to. 1705.
  • Pluk. M. — Plukenett (Leonard). Almagesti botanici Mantissa. 4to. 1700.
  • Plui. Ph. — Plukenett (Leonard). Phytographia, seu Stirpium illustriorum, &c, 4 vols. 4to. London, 1691—1706.
  • Poc. Crat. — Pococke. Cratsegi.
  • Pohl. — Pohl. A German botanist.
  • Pohl Fl. Bo. — Pohl (Imman.). Versuch einer Flora Bohmens. 2 vols. 8vo, Prague, 1810—1814.
  • Poir. — Poiret. A French botanical compiler.
  • Poit. — Poiteau. A French botanist and draughtsman.
  • Pol. — Pollini. A professor at Verona.
  • Poll. — Pollich. A German writer on the plants of the Palatinate.
  • Pop. — Poppig. A German botanist.
  • Pou. — Pourret. A French botanist.
  • Presl. — Presl. A Bohemian botanist.
  • Pt. et T. Fl. — Poiteau et Turpin. Flore Parisienne. fol. Paris, 1808, &c.
  • Purt.Fl. — Purton (Th.). Midland Flora. 2 vols. 8vo. Stratford upon Avon, 1817.

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Q

  • Qu. His. — Quer (Martinez). Flora Espanola. 4 vols. 4to. Madrid, 1762—1764.

R

  • R. Br. — Robert Brown. An English botanist, and traveller in New Holland.
  • R. Hou. — Reliquiae Houstoniaoae. 4to. London, 1781.
  • R. L. — Redouté's Liliacées.
  • R. Mai. — Van Rheede (Henricus). Hortus ladicus Malabaricus. 12 vols. fol. 1678—1703.
  • R. & P. — Ruiz and Pavon. Spanish botanists, and travellers in Peru and Chile.
  • R. & S. — Romer and Schultes. German editors of Linnaeus's Species Plantarum.
  • Rad. — Raddi. An Italian cryptogamic botanist, and traveller in Brazil.
  • Rad. Dis. — Radius (Justus), De Pyrola et Chimaphila Specimen. 4to. Lipsia, 1821.
  • Raddi M. — Raddi (Joseph). Memoir Flor. Brasil. Observationes in Atti di Siena. vol. 9. and in Memoriedi Modena. vols. 18. and 19.
  • Raeu. — Raeuschel. A German botanist.
  • Rafi. — Rafinesque Schmalz. A modern writer upon botanical matters.
  • Ram. — Ramond. A French botanist.
  • Rau. — Rau. A German botanist.
  • Rauw. Hod. — Rauwolf (Leonh.). Aigentliche Beschreibung der Raiss in den Morganlander. 4to. Laugangen, 1582—1583.
  • Rauw. It. — Ditto
  • Ray Sy. — Ray (Jon. ). Synopsis Stirpium Britannicarum. 8vo.
  • Rchb. — Reichenbach. A German botanist.
  • Rchb.Ac. — Reichenbach (Lodov.). Monographia Generis Aconiti et Delphinii. fol. Lipsiae, 1820.
  • Rchb. Bot. — Reichenbach (Ludov.). Hortus Botanious. 4 to. Lipsiae, 1824.
  • Reb. Neo. — Rebentisch (Joh. Frider.). Prodromus Florae Neomarchicae. 8vo. Berolini, 1804.
  • Red. — Redouté. A French botanical draughtsman.
  • Red. Lit. — Redouté (P. J.) Les Liliacées. 8 vols. fol. Paris, 1802—1816.
  • Red. Bos. — Redouté (P. J.). Les Roses, fol. Paris.
  • Redow. — Redowski. A Russian botanical collector.
  • Reich.— Reichard. A botanist of Frankfort.
  • Reinw. — Reinwardt. A professor at Leyden.
  • Rel. — Relham. A writer upon the Flora of Cambridgeshire.
  • Ren. Spec. Reneaulme (Paul). Specimen Historiae Plantarum. 4to. Paris, 1611.
  • Req. ' — Requien. A French botanist.
  • Retz. — Retzius. A German botanist.
  • Retz. Ob. — Retzius (And. Joh.). Observationes Botanicae. 4to. London, 1774—1791.
  • Reyn. Reynier. A botanist of Lausanne.
  • Rh. Rheede. Author of Hortus Malabaricus.
  • Rich. — Richard. A French botanist.
  • Risso. — Risso. An Italian writer upon Oranges.
  • Riv. — Rivinus. A German botanist.
  • Riv. Mon. — Rivinus (Aug. Quirinus). Ordo Plantarum Flore irregulan Monopetalo. fol. Lips. 1690.
  • Riv. Tet. — Rivinus (Aug. Quirinus). Ordo Plantarum Flore irregulan Tetrapetalo. fol. Lips. 1699.
  • Roh. Ic. — Robert (Nicolas). Icones Plantarum. fol. Paris, 1701.
  • Robs. — Robson. An English botanist.
  • Roch. — Rochel. Superintendent of the garden at Pest.
  • Roe. Ar. — Roemer (Jac. Job.). Archiv fur die Botanik. 3 vols. 4to. 1796—1799.
  • Roe. Sc. — Roemer (Jac. Job.). Scriptores de Plantis Hispanicis, Lusitanicis, et Brasiliensibus. 8vo. 1796.
  • Roem. — Roemer. A German botanist.
  • Rohde. — Rohde. A botanist of Bremen.
  • Rol. — Rolander. A Swedish botanist.
  • Roll. — Rollinson. A nurseryman near London.
  • Rosc. — Roscoe. An English botanist, and writer upon Scitamineae.
  • Rose. Scit. Roscoe (W.). Figures of the Order of Scitamineae or Monandrous Plants, fol. Liverpool.
  • Rost.J. — Rostkow(Fr. Gul. Th.). Monographia Generis Junci. 8 vo. Berolini. 1801.
  • Roth. — Roth. A German botanical writer.
  • Roth. Abh. — Roth (Alb. Wilh.). Botanische Abhandlungen und Beobachtungen. 4to. Nüremberg, 1787.
  • Rox. — Roxburgh. An Indian botanist.
  • Rox. Cor. — Roxburgh (William). Plants of the Coast of Coromandel. 2 vols. fol. London, 1795—1798.
  • Rtb. — Rottboll. A Danish botanist.
  • Rtb. Gr. — Rottboll (Christ. Friis.). Descriptiones et Icones Plantarum rariorum. fol. Hafniae, 1773.
  • Rtl. — Rottler. A German missionary.
  • Ru. Am. — Rumphius (George Everh.). Herbarium Amboinense. 6 vols. fol. Amst. 1750.
  • Rud. — Rudge. An English writer upon botanical subjects.
  • Rud. Gui. — Rudge (Edward). Plantarum Guianae rariorum Icones et Descr. fol. London, 1805.
  • Rudol. — Rudolph. A German botanist.
  • Rum. — Rumphius. Author of Herbarium Amboinense.
  • Rus. — Russel. A botanist of Aleppo.
  • Russs. Al.— Russel (Alex.). Natural History of Aleppo. 4to. 1756. Ed. 2. 1794.

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S

  • S. & W. — Schrader and Wendland. German botanists.
  • Sab. — Sabine. An English amateur of botany.
  • Sab. Sam. — Sabbati (Liberatus). Hortus Romanus. 7 vols. fol. Rome, 1772—1784.
  • Sal. — Salisbury. An English botanist.
  • Sal. St. — Salisbury (Richard Anthony). Icones Stirpium rariorum. fol. London, 1791.
  • Salm. — The Prince of Salm Dyck. A noble German amateur.
  • San. Fi. — Santi (George). Viaggi al Mont Amiata e per la Toscana. 3 vols. 8vo. Pisa, 1795—1806.
  • Santi. — Santi. An Italian botanist.
  • Savi. — Savi. An Italian botanist.
  • Savi D. — Savi (Gajetanus). Dissertatio Phaseoli.
  • Savi Med. — Savi (Gajetanus). Materia Medica vegetabile Toscana. fol. Firenze, 1805.
  • Savi Ph. — Savi ( Gajetanus). Memoir on Phaseolus.
  • Savi Pis. — Savi (Gajetanus). Flora Pisana. 2 vols. 8vo. Pisae, 1798.
  • Saviff. — Savigny. A French botanist.
  • Sc. B. J. — Schrader (H. A.). Journal fur die Botanik. 10 fasc. 8vo. Göttingae, 1799—1803.
  • Sc. Dansk. — Schrader (H. A.). Det Kongelige Danske Landhuus holdings-selkabs Sohrifter. 4 vols. 8vo. Kiobbenhavn, 1776—1794.
  • Sc. Gen. Nov. — Schrader (H. A.). Nova Plantarum Genera. 1 fasc. fol. 1797.
  • Sc. Ger. — Schrader (H. A.). Flora Germanica. 8vo. Götting, 1806.
  • Sc. Hal. — Schrader (H. A.). De Halophytis Pallasii. 4to. Götting. 1810.
  • Sc. Han. — Schrader (H. A.). Sertum Hanoverianum. fol.Götting. 1795, 1796.
  • Sc. Phil. — Schrader (H. A.). Dissertation on the Genus Philadelphus. Not published.
  • Sc. Sam. — Schrader (H. A.). Systematische Sammlung Kryptogamischer Gewachse. 6 fasc. 8vo. Göttingen, 1796, 1797.
  • Sc. V. — Schrader (H. A.). Commentatio de Veronicis spicatis. 8vo. Göttingae. 1803.
  • Sc. Verb. — Schrader (H. A.). Monographia Generis Verbasci. 4to. Göttingae. 1803.
  • Sch. Ag. — Soheuchzer (Johan.). Agrostographia, sive Graminum, Juncorum, Cyperorum, iisque Affinium Historia. 4to. Tigari, 1775.
  • Sch. Bs. — Sohwencke (Mart. W.). Beschryving der Gewassen. Gravhage, 1766.
  • Sch. Ce. — Schreber (John Christ.). Beschrelbung der Grassser. fol. Leipsic, 1769 and 1810. 3 fasc.
  • Schaff. — Schaeffer. A German writer upon Fungi.
  • Schaff. F. — Schaeffer (Jac. Christ.). Fungorum Bavarise et Palatinatus Icones. 4 vols. 4to. Ratisbonae, 1702—1770.
  • Schk. — Sohkuhr. A German writer upon Grasses and Ferns.
  • Schk. Ca. — Schkuhr (Christ.). Histoire des Carex ou Laiches. 8vo. Leipsic, 1802.
  • Schk. Cryp. — Schkuhr (Christ.). Vier und zwanzigste Klasse des Linne'schen Pflanzensystems. 4to. Wittenberg, 1809.
  • Schk. Fil. — Schkuhr (Christ.). Abbildungen des Farrnkrautes.
  • Schk. Han. — Schkuhr (Christ.). Botanisches Handbuch. 3 vols. 8vo. Wittenberg, 1791—1803.
  • Schk. Ua. — Schkuhr (Christ.) in Usteri's (Paul) Annalen der Botanik. 6 vols. Zurich, from 1791 to 1793.
  • Schl. — Schleicher. A Swiss plant collector.
  • Schl. Ban. — Schlechtendahl (A.). Animadversiones in Ranunculeas Candollii. 4to. Berlin, 1819, 1820. In 2 fasciculi.
  • Schlec. — Schlechtendahl. A German botanist.
  • Schm. Ar. — Schmidt. (Franz.). Esterreichs allgemeine Baumzucht. 2 vols. fol. Vienna, 1792—1794.
  • Schm. Le. — Schmiedel (Cas. Christ.). Icones Plantarum. fol. Norimb, 1762.
  • Schmidt. — Schmidt. A Bohemian botanist.
  • Schn. Ic. — Schneevooght (G. Voorhelm). Icones Plantarum rariorum. 2 vols. fol Haarlem, 1793.
  • Schott. — Schott. A traveller in Brazil.
  • Schou. M. — Schousboe (P. K. A.). Iagttagelser over vaextriget in Morocco. 4to. Kioberh. 1800.
  • Schous. — Sohousboe. A writer upon the Flora of Morocco.
  • Sch. Mo. — Schranck (Fr. von Paula). Plantae rariores Horti Monacensis. fol. Munich, 1817—1819.
  • Schr. — Schrader. A German botanist.
  • Schrank. — Schrank. A Bavarian botanist.
  • Schreb. — Schreber. A German botanist.
  • Schreb. Dec. — Von Schreber (Job. Christ. Dan.). Icones Plantarum minus cognitarum. Decas I. fol. Halae, 1766.
  • Schreb. Gr. — Von Schreber (Job, Christ. Dan.). Beschreibung der Graeser. 2 vols, fol. Lips. 1769—1779.
  • Schu. — Schubler. A professor at Tubingen.
  • Schult. — Schultes. A Bavarian botanist.
  • Schulz. — Schultz. A German botanist.
  • Schum. — Schumacher. A Danish botanist.
  • Schw. — Schweigger. A German botanist, author of Flora Erlangensis.
  • Schwte. — Schwsegrichen. A German cryptogamic botanist.
  • Schwaeg. Sup. — Schwaegriohen (Frid.). Species Muscorum Hedwig Supplementum. 4to. Lips. 1811.
  • Schwein. — An American botanist.
  • Sco. — Scopoli. An Italian botanist.
  • Scop. Car. — Scopoli (Joh. Ant.). Flora Carniolica. 8vo. Viennae, 1760.
  • Scop. D. Scopoli (Joh. Ant.). Deliciae Flora Insubricae. 3 vols. fol. Ticini. l786—1788.
  • Seb. — Sebastiani. An Italian botanist.
  • Seba.— Seba (Alb.). Locupletissimi Rerum Naturalium Thesauri Desoriptio. fol. Amst. 1734—176S.
  • Seba. Rom. — Sebastini (Ant.). Romanarum Plantarum, &c. 2 vols. 4to. Romae. 1813—1815.
  • Seg. Ver. — Seguier (Joh. Franc). Plants Veronenses. 3 vols. 8vo. Veronae, 1745.
  • Ser. Hel. — Seringe (N. C). Musée Helvétique d'Histoire Naturelle. 4to. 1818—1820.
  • Sessé. Sessé A Mexican botanist.
  • Shaw Bar. — Shaw (Thomas). Travels in Barbary and the Levant, fol. 1738. Supplement, 1746.
  • Sib. — Sibthorp. An English botanist, and traveller in Greece.
  • Sieb. Sieber. A botanical collector.
  • Sims. — Sims. An English garden botanist.
  • Sin. Sinclair. Nurseryman at New Cross.
  • Sl. Jam. — Sloane (Hans). A Voyage to Madeira, Barbadoes, Nevis, St. Christopher's, and Jamaica. 2 vols. fol. London, 1707.
  • Sm. — Sir J. E. Smith. An English botanist, and purchaser of the Linnaean herbarium.
  • Sm. Ex. Bot. — Smith (J. Edward). Exotic Botany. 1804—1808.
  • Sm. Ic. In. — Smith (J. Edward). Plantarum Icones hactenus ineditae. fasc. 1—3. 1789—1791. fol.
  • Sm. Ic. Pic. — Smith (J.Edward). Icones pictae Plantarum rariorum. fol. London, 1790—1793.
  • Sm. N. H. — Smith (J. Edward). A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland. 4to. London, 1793.
  • Sm. Spic. — Smith (J. Edward). Spicilegium Botanicum. fol. London, 1791—1792.
  • Sm. Tr.— Tracts relating to Natural History. 8vo. 1798.
  • Soc. Mas. — See Mém. Mosc.
  • Sol. — Solander. A Swedish botanist, and companion of Sir Joseph Banks in Cook's voyage round the world.
  • Sol. Min. — Sole (William). Menthae Britannicae. fol. Bath, 1798.
  • Sole. — Sole. A writer on Mints.
  • Son. — Sonnerat. A French botanist and traveller.
  • Son. It. — Sonnerat (P.). Voyage a la Nouvelle Guinée. 4to. Paris, 1776.
  • Sow. — Sowerby. An English botanical draughtsman.
  • Sow. F. — Sowerby (James). Coloured figures of English Fungi, fol. London, 1796—1815, &c.
  • Spar. — Sparmann. A Swedish travelling botanist.
  • Spar. H. — Sparmann (Andr.). Kongl. Svenska Vetenscaps Academiens Handlingar, 8vo. Stockholm, from 1739 to 1816.
  • Spin. — De Spin. A botanist of Turin.
  • Spr. — Sprengel. A German botanist.
  • Spr. B. M. — Sprengel (Curt.), in Berlinisches Magazin.
  • Spr. Cryp. — Sprengel (Curt.). Introduction to the Study of Cryptogamous Plants, translated from the German.
  • Spr. End. — Sprengel (Curt.). Neue Entdeckungen im ganzen Umfang der Pflanzenkunde. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1820.
  • Spr. Hal. — Sprengel (Curt.). Florae Halensis Ten tamen novum. 8vo. Halae Sax. 1806.
  • Spr. Um. — Sprengel (Curt.). Plantarum Umbelliferarum Prodromus. 4to. Halae, 1813.
  • Stack. — Stackhouse. An English botanist.
  • Stack. Fuci. — Stackhouse (John). Nereis Britannica. fol. Bath, 1795—1797.
  • Steeh. — Stechmann. A writer on Artemisia.
  • Step. — Stephan. A Russian botanist.
  • Ster. — Sternberg. A noble German botanist.
  • Ster. Sax. — Sternberg (Graf Casp.). Revisio Saxifragarum Iconibus illustrata. fol. 1810.
  • Steu. — Steudel. A German botanist.
  • Stev. — Steven. A Russian botanist.
  • Stoer. Stra. — Stoerck (Ant.). Libellus de Stramonio, Hyosciamo, Aconito. 8vo. 1763.
  • Stur. Deu. — Sturm (Jacob). Deutschland's Flora. 4to. Many volumes. Nürenberg, 1798—1829.
  • Stur. Ger. id
  • Sturm. — Sturm. A German botanical draughtsman.
  • Suter. — Suter. A Swiss botanist,
  • Sw. Au. Ic. In. — Sweet (R.). Flora Australasia. 8vo. London, 1827, 1828.
  • Sw. Cis. — Sweet (R.). Cistineae. The Natural Order of Cistus, or Rock-Rose. 8vo. London, 1830.
  • Swert. — Swertius. An old writer on plants.
  • Swert. Fl. — Swertius (Eman.). Florilegiura tractans de variis Floribus. fol. 1612.
  • Sw. Fl. Gar. — Sweet (R.). The British Flower Garden. 8vo. London, published in monthly numbers.
  • Sw. Fl. Gar. Ic. In. — Sweet (R.). British Flower Garden. 1823 to the present time, 3 vols, of the old series; and a part of a volume of the new series, 1830.
  • Sw. Ger. — Sweet (R.). Geraniaceae. 8vo. Published in monthly numbers.
  • Swt. — Sweet. An English botanist.
  • Swz. — Swartz. A Swedish botanist, and traveller in the West Indies.
  • Swz. B. M. — Swartz (Olof), in Berlinisches Magazin.
  • Swz. Fil. — Swartz (Olof). Synopsis Filicum, earum Genera et Species complectens. 8to. Kiliae, 1806.
  • Swz. Fi. — Swartz (Olof). Florae Indiae Occidentalis. 3 vols. 8vo. Erlangae, 1797. 1800. 1806.
  • Swz. Ic. — Swartz (Olof). Icones Plantarum Indiae Occidentalis. 1 fasc. fol. 1794.
  • Swz. Ob. — Swartz (Olof). Observationes Botanicae. 8vo. Erlangae, 1791.
  • Swz. Pr. — . Swartz (Olof). Prodromus Sescriptionum Vegetab. Indiae Occidentalis. 8vo. Holmiae, 1788.
  • Symes. — Symes. A writer on English plants.

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T

  • Tab. Ic. — Tabernaemontanus (Jac. Theod.). Eicones Flantarum, cur. N. Bassaeo, 4to. Frankf. 1590.
  • Tab. Kr. — Tabernaemontanus (Jac. Theod.). Kraeuterbuch. fol. 1588.
  • Tau. H. C. — Tausch (Ign. Fred.). Hortus Canalius. fol. part 1. Prague, 1823.
  • Ten. — Tenore. A Neapolitan botanist.
  • Th. Act. Haf. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.), in Acta Literaria Universitatis Hafniensis. 4to. Hafniae, 1770.
  • Th. Gar. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Dissertatio de Gardenia. 4to. Upsal, 1780.
  • Th. H. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.), in Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar. 8vo. Stockholm, 1739—1816.
  • Thib. — Tbibaud de Chanvalon. A French botanist.
  • Thomas. — Thomas. A Swiss collector of plants.
  • Thore. — Thore. A French botanist.
  • Thore, J. — Thore (Jean). Observations in Journal de Botanique.
  • Thory. — Thory. A French botanist.
  • Thou. — Du Petit Thouars. A French botanist, and traveller in Madagascar.
  • Thou. Af. — Du Petit Thouars (Aubert). Histoire des Végétaux recueillies dans les Iles Australes d'Afrique. 4to. Paris, 1806.
  • Thou. Or. — Du Petit Thouars (Aubert). Histoire des Plantes Orchidées recueillies sur les trois Isles Australes d'Afrique. 8vo. Paris, 1822.
  • Th. P. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.), in Novi Commentarii Academiae Imperialis Petropolitanae; 20 vols. 4to. 1720—1726.
  • Thouin. — Thouin. A French botanist.
  • Thuil. — Thuillier. A French botanist.
  • Thun. — Thunberg. A Swedish botanical traveller.
  • Thun. Dra. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Diss. Dracaena. 2 vols. 4to. Upsal, 1780.
  • Thun. Er. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Dissert, de Erica. 4to. Upsal, 1785.
  • Thun. Fie. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Diss. Ficus Genus. Upsal, 1786.
  • Thun. Ir. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Dissertatio de Iris. 4to. 1782.
  • Thun. Jap. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Flora Japonica. 8vo. Lips. 1784.
  • Thun. Pr. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Dissertatio de Protea. 1781.
  • Thun. Up. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.), in Acta Literaria et Scientiarum Upsaliae aut ab Academia Upsaliae aut ab Academia Upsaliensi publicata. 1720—1816.
  • Thun. V. — Thunberg (Car. Petr.). Voyage au Japon, &c. 8vo. 1796.
  • Til. Pis. — Tilli (Mich, Aug.). Catalogus Horti Pisani. fol. Florence, 1723.
  • Timm. — Timm. A German botanist.
  • Tineo. — Tineo. A professor at Palermo.
  • To. It. — Tournefort (Pitton de). Relation d'un Voyage au Levant. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1717.
  • Tode. — Tode. A German writer on Fungi.
  • Tode Fun. — Tode (Henr. Jul.). Fungi Mecklenburgenses selecti, 4to. Luneburg, 1790.
  • Torrey. — Torrey. An American botanist.
  • Tou. — Tournefort. An old French botanist, and traveller in Greece and Asia Minor.
  • Tou. Ins. Tournefort (Pitton de). Institutionea Rei Herbariae. 3 vols. 4to. 1717. 1719.
  • Tourn. Vo.— Tournefort (Pitton de). Relation dun Voyage au Levant. 2 vols. 4to. Paris, 1717.
  • Trat. — Trattinnick. A botanist of Vienna.
  • Trat. Ar. — Trattinnick (Leop.). Archiv der Gewächskunde. 4to. Vienn. 1811, 1812.
  • Trat. Au. — Trattinnick (Leop.). Flora Austriaca sicca, fol. 1792.
  • Trat. Tab. — Trattinnick (Leop.). Observationes Botaniae Tabularium Rei Herbariae illustrantes. 4to. 1811.
  • Trat. Th. — Trattinnick (Leop.). Thesaurus Botanicus. fol. Vien. 1819.
  • Tr. Ehr. — Trew (Christ. Jac). Plantae selectae ab Ehret pictae. fol. 1750—1773.
  • Trent. Trentepohl. A German botanist.
  • Trev. — Treviranus. A German botanist.
  • Trev. B. — Treviranus (Lud. Christ.), in Berlinisches Magazin.
  • Trev. Del. — Treviranus (Lud. Christ.). De Delphinio et Aqulegia Observationes.
  • Tri. Ob. — Triumfetti (Job. Bapt.). Observationes de Ortu et Vegetatione Plantarum. 4to. Roma, 1685.
  • Tr. Pl. — Trew (Christ. Jac). Plantae rariores. Ed. J. C. Keller, fol. 1763.
  • Trin. — Trinius. A writer on Grasses.
  • Turn. — Dawson Turner. An English writer on Sea Weeds.
  • Turn. Fuci. — Turner (Dawson). Historia Fucorum. 3 vols. fol. London, 1802, &c.
  • Turp. — Turp. A French botanist and draughtsman.
  • Turra. — Turra. An Italian botanist.
  • Tus. — Tussac. A French writer on the Flora of the Antilles.

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U

  • Uc. — Ucria. A botanist of Palermo.
  • Urv. — D'Urville. A captain in the French navy.
  • Us. An. — Usteri (Paul). Neue Annalen der Botanik. 8vo. 1794.

V

  • Vahl Ec. — Vahl (Martinus). Eclogae Americanae. fol. 1796.
  • Vahl Ic. — Vahl (Martinus). Icones Plantarum in Eclogis descriptarum. fol. 1798.
  • Vahl Sy. — Vahl (Martinus). Symbolae Botanicae, fol. Hafn. 1790—1794.
  • Vail. — Vaillant. A French botanist and traveller.
  • Vail. It. — Vaillant (Sebastien). Botanicon Parisiense. fol. Leid. 1727.
  • Vail. Pa. — Vaillant (Sebastien). Botanicon Parisiense, Operis majoris Prodromus. 8vo. L. Bat. 1723.
  • Van. — Vandelli. A Portuguese botanist.
  • Vau. Con. — Vaucber (Jean Pierre). Histoire des Conferves d'Eau douce. 4to. Genéve, 1803.
  • Ven. — Ventenat. A French botanist.
  • Ven. Cels. — Ventenat (Etienne Pierre). Description des Plantes nouvelles ou peu connues du Jardin de J. M. Cels. fol. Paris, 1800.
  • Ven. Ch. — Ventenat (Etienne Pierre). Choix des Plantes. fol. Paris, 1803—1808.
  • Ven. Mai. — Ventenat (Etienne Pierre). Jardin de la Malmaison. fol. 1803—1805.
  • Ven. Til. — Ventenat (Etienne Pierre). Monographie du Genre Tilleul. 4to, Paris, 1802.
  • Vest. — Vest. A Styrian botanist.
  • Vib. Ce. — Viborg on the Cerealia.
  • Vig. — Viguier. A writer upon Poppies.
  • Vig. His. — Viguier (L. G. A.). Histoire Naturelle des Pavots et des Argemones. 4to. Montpelier, 1814.
  • Vil. — Villars. A French botanist.
  • Vil. Del. — Villars (D.). Histoire des Plantes du Dauphiné . 3 vols. 8vo. Grenoble, 1786—1788.
  • Vil. S.J. — Villars (D.), in Schrader's Journal für die Botanik. 5 vols. 8vo. Göttingen, 1803—1810.
  • Vil. Stras. — Villars (D.). Catalogue methodiqué du Jardin du Strasbourg. 8vo. 1807.
  • Vit. — Vitmann. A German botanist.
  • Viv. — Viviani, An Italian botanist.
  • Viv. An. — Viviani (Dom.). Annali di Botanica. 2 vols. 8vo. Genoa, 1802, 1803.
  • Viv. Fr. — Viviani (Dom.). Florae Italicae Fragmenta. 4to. Genoa, 1808.
  • Viv. Lib. — Viviani (Dom.). Florae Libycae Specimen, fol. Genoa, 1824.
  • Vol. Nor. — Volckamer (Job. Georg.). Flora Noribergensis. 4to. Noribergae, 1700.

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W

  • W. — Willdenow. A German botanist.
  • W. Ach. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.). Tractatus de Achilleis et Tanaceto. 8vo. Halae Magd. 1789.
  • W. Ar. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.). Historia Amaranthorum. fol. Turici, 1790.
  • W. En. — Willdenow's Enumeration of the Plants in the Berlin Garden.
  • W. B. M. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.), in Berlinisches Magazin oder Gesammlete Schriften, &c. 4to. 1765—1767.
  • W. Erf. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.), in Acta Academiae Electoralis Moguntinae Scientiarum utilium quae Erfordiae, 2 vols. 8vo. Erford el Gothae, 1757—1751; the rest in 4to. 1775 and 1776.
  • W.H.B. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.). Hortus Berolinensis. fol. Berlin, 1806—1810.
  • W. & K. — Waldstein and Kitaibel. Authors of Flora of Hungary.
  • W. & K. Bmb.— Waldstein (Franc.) et Kitaibel (Paul). Descriptiones et Icones Plantarum rarlorum Hungariae:. 3 vols. fol. Vienn. 1802—1812.
  • W. & M. — Weber and Mohr. German botanists.
  • W. N. Ber. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.), in Neuen Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde. 6 vols. 8vo. Berlin, 1780—1785.
  • W. Ph. — Willdenow (Car. Lud.), Phytographia. fol. Erlangae, 1797.
  • Wa. Ft. Hel. — Wahlenberg (Georg). De Vegetatione Helvetica. 8vo. Furic. 1813.
  • Wa. Lap. — Wahlenberg (Georg). Flora Lapponica. 8vo. Berlin, 1812.
  • Wahl. — Wahlenberg. A Swedish botanist.
  • Wal. — Wallich. Superintendent of the botanical garden at Calcutta.
  • Wal.Pl. As. Ba. Ic. — Wallich (Nath.). Plantae rariores Asiaticae. 2 parts, fol. London, 1830.
  • Wal. Res. — Wallich (Nath.). Asiatic Researches, or Transactions of the Society in-

stituted in Bengal. 4to. 1788.

  • Wald. — Waldstein. A noble German patron of botany.
  • Wallr. — Wallroth. A German botanist.
  • Walt. — Walter. A writer on the Flora of Carolina.
  • Walt. Ca. — Walter (Thom.). Flora Caroliniana. 8vo. London, 1788.
  • Walt. H. — Walther (Aug. Frid.). Designatio Plantarum Horti ejus. 8vo. Lips. 1735.
  • Wan. — Wangenheim. A German botanist.
  • Wang. Am. — Von Wangenheim (Fried. Ad. Jul.). Anpflanzung Nord Amerikanischer Holzarten. fol. Göttingae, 1787.
  • Wat. — Watson. An English writer upon trees and shrubs.
  • Web. — Weber. A German cryptogamist.
  • Weig. Obs. — Weigel (Christ. Ehrenb.). Observationes Botanicae. 4to. Gryphiae, 1772.
  • Weigel. — Weigel. A German botanist.
  • Weihe. — Weighe. A German writer on Rubi.
  • Wein. — Weinmann. A German gardener, superintendent of one of the royal gardens in Russia.
  • Wein. Ic. — Weinmann (J. Gul.). Phytanthoza Iconographica. 4 vols. fol. Regemb. 1737—1745.
  • Weis. — Weis. A German botanist.
  • Wen. C. — Wendland (Job. Christ.). Collectio Plantarum tam exoticarum quam indigenarum. 4to. Hanoverae, 1805, &c.
  • Wen. Er. — Wendland (Joh. Christ.). Ericarum Icones et Descriptiones. 4to. 1798, &c.
  • Wen. Ban. — Wendland (Joh. Christ.). Sertum Hanoveranum. 4 fasc. fol.
  • Wen. Ber. — Wendland (Joh. Christ.). Hortus Herrenhusanus. fol. 1798, &c.
  • Wen.Ob. — Wendland (Job. Christ.). Botanische Beobachtungen. 4to. Hanover, 1798.
  • Wem. Tr. — Transactions or Memoirs of the Wernerian Society. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1809. Continued.
  • West. — West. An English botanist.
  • Wibel. — Wibel. A German botanist.
  • Wig. — Wiggers. A German botanist.
  • Wik. — Wikstrom. A Swedish botanist.
  • With. — Withering. An English botanist.
  • Wnl. — Wendland. A German garden botanist.
  • Wood. — Woodville (William). Medical Botany. 3 vols. 4to. 1790.
  • Woods. — Woods. An English writer on Roses.
  • Woodw. — Woodward. An English botanist.
  • Warm. — Wormskiold. A Norwegian botanist.
  • Wre. — Wredow. A German divine and botanist.
  • Wrede. — Wrede. A German botanist.
  • Wul. — Wulfen. A German botanist.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - Y - Z

Y

  • Y. Young. A writer in the Linnean Transactions.

Z

  • Za. Zanon (Antonio). Istoria Botanica. fol. Bologna, 1675.
  • Zea. — Zea. A Spanish botanist.
  • Zeu. — Zeyer. A German gardener.
  • Zo Ic. — Zorn (Barthol.). Icones Plantarum Medicinalium. 8vo. Nuremb. 1779—1784.
  • Zucc.— Zuccagni. Superintendent of the botanical garden at Florence.

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