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|+||<< [[contents:index| Dictionary Index]] << [[contents:r|Definitions under R]]|
|+||====== Ruby ======|
|+||The name of a type, the next in size larger than [[p:pearl|Pearl]] and smaller than [[n:nonpareil|Nonpareil]]; it is half a [[s:small-pica|Small Pica]]. Mr. Hansard, in his " Typographia," gives the following account of its origin and name: — "It was, in fact, originally a Nonpareil with short ascenders and descenders, cast on a smaller body, or sometimes a Pearl, on a larger, to look open; but now some founders have a distinct specimen for this size. This name has but very lately been adopted in the type-founders' specimens, but some years ago it was found, by the writer of this, absolutely necessary to give some distinguishing appellation to this size, as the letter-founders had given him one-nick Pearls of two bodies, viz. one fount half Small Pica, another half [[l:long-primer|Long Primer]]; the mistakes arising from this circumstance in a house much in the habit of using small type occasioned the expedient of inventing a new name, and as the neighbouring sizes were called Pearl and [[d:diamond|Diamond]], it seemed not very inapplicable to take the name of Ruby." |