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s:scale-prices [2018/03/30 02:07] (current)
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 +<< [[contents:​index| Dictionary Index]] << [[contents:​s|Definitions under S]]
  
 +
 +====== Scale of Prices ======
 +
 +The following scale of prices is copied literally from the official scale published by the master printers in 1810. The alteration in the scale in 1816, as well as the subsequent alterations and explanations have been also accurately copied from the official notifications issued to the trade by the committee of master printers. ​
 +
 +===== Scale of Prices for Compositors'​ Work =====
 +
 +//"​Agreed upon at a General Meeting of Master Printers, at Stationers'​ Hall, April 16, 1810; commencing on all Volumes or Periodical Numbers begun after the 30th Instant//​. ​
 +
 +"<​wrap small-caps>​Art</​wrap>​. //1//. All works in the English language, common matter, //with space lines//, including English and [[b:​brevier|Brevier]],​ to be cast up at 5¾d. per 1000; if in[[m:​minion| Minion]] 6d. per 1000; in [[n:​nonpareil|Nonpareil]] 6¾d. //Without space lines//, including English and Brevier, 6d. per 1000; in Minion 6¼d. in Nonpareil 7d.; in[[p:​pearl| Pearl]], //with or without space lines//, 8d.; Heads and Directions, or Signature lines, included. A thick space to be considered an en in the width, and an en to be reckoned an em in the length of the page: and where the number of letters amounts to 500 — 1000 to be charged; if under 500, not to be reckoned: and, if the calculation at per 1000 shall not amount to an odd threepence, the odd pence to be suppressed in the price of the work; but where it amounts to or exceeds threepence, there shall be sixpence charged. Em and en [[q:​quadrats|quadrats]],​ or whatever is used at the beginning or end of lines, to be reckoned as an em in the width." ​
 +
 +"//​2//​. Works printed in [[g:​great-primer|Great Primer]] to be cast up as English; and all works in larger type than Great Primer, as half English and half Great Primer. ​
 +
 +"//​3//​. All works in foreign languages, though common type, //with [[s:​space-lines|space lines]]//, including English and Brevier, to be cast up at 6¼d. per 1000; if in Minion 6¾d.; Nonpareil 7½d. //Without space lines//, including English and Brevier, 6½d.; Minion 7d.; Nonpareil 7¾d.; and Pearl, //with or without space lines//, 8¾d. 
 +
 +"//​4//​. English Dictionaries of every size, //with space lines//, including English and Brevier, to be paid 6¼d.: //without space lines//, 6½d. (In this article are not included Gazetteers, Geographical Dictionaries,​ Dictionaries of Arts and Sciences, and works of a similar description,​ except those attended with extra trouble beyond usual descriptive matter.) Dictionaries of two or more languages, of every size, //with space lines//, including English and Brevier, to be paid 6¼d.: //without space lines//, 6¾d.; if smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1. 
 +
 +"//​5//​. English Grammars, Spelling Books, and works of those descriptions,​ in Brevier or larger type, //with space lines// to be paid 6d. per 1000; //without space lines// 6¼d.: if in two languages, or foreign language, //with space lines// 6¼d.; //without space lines// 6½d. 
 +
 +"//​6//​. Small-sized [[f:​folio|Folios]],​[[q:​quarto| Quartos]], [[o:​octavo|Octavos]],​ and works done in Great Primer, or larger type (English language,) which do not come to seven shillings when cast up at the usual rate, to be paid as follows: English, and larger type, not less than 7s.; [[p:​pica|Pica]] 6s. 6d.: English 12mo. to be paid not less than 10s. 6s.; and Pica not less than 11s. 6d. per sheet. ​
 +
 +"//​7//​. [[r:​reviews|Reviews]],​ [[m:​magazines|magazines]],​ and works of a similar description,​ consisting of various sized letter, if cast up to the different bodies, to be paid 2s. 6d. per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +"//​8//​. [[p:​pamphlet|Pamphlets]] of five sheets and under, and parts of works done in different houses, amounting to not more than five sheets, to be paid 1//s//, per sheet extra; but, as it frequently occurs that works exceeding a pamphlet are often nearly made up without a return of letter, all such works shall be considered as pamphlets, and paid for as such.  ​
 +
 +"//​9//​. Works done in Sixteens((The following resolution of the committee of the association of 
 +master printers is published in their fourth report, [3d July, 1840,​]\\ ​
 +"That in Book-work two Forms of Double Foolscap be considered as one sheet."​)),​ Eighteens, Twenty-fours,​ or Thirty-twos,​ on [[s:​small-pica|Small Pica]] and upwards, to be paid 1s. 6s. per sheet extra. If on [[l:​long-primer|Long Primer,]] or smaller type, 1s. per sheet extra. Forty-eights to be paid 2s. per sheet extra, and Sixty-fours 2s. 6d. per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +
 +"//​10//​. Works requiring an alteration or [[a:​alteration-of-margin|alterations of margin]], to be paid, for each alteration. 1s. per sheet to the [[p:​pressman|Pressmen]] if altered by them, and 6d. to the [[c:​compositor|Compositor]],​ as a compensation for making up the furniture; if altered by the Compositor, then he is to be paid 1s. for the alteration, and the Pressmen 6s. for the delay. This article to be determined on solely at the option of the employer. ​
 +
 +"//​11//​. Bottom Notes consisting of twenty lines (or two notes, though not amounting to twenty lines) and not exceeding four pages, in every ten sheets, in quarto or octavo: — one page (or two notes, though not amounting to one page) and not exceeding six pages, in twelves: — two pages (or two notes, though not amounting to two pages) and not exceeding eight, in eighteens or above, to be paid 1s. per sheet; but under the above proportion no charge to be made. Bottom Notes, consisting of ten lines (or two notes, though not amounting to ten lines) in a pamphlet of five sheets or under, and not exceeding two pages, to be paid 1s. per sheet extra. Quotations, Mottos, Contents to Chapters, &c., in smaller type than the body, to be considered as Notes. [Where the notes shall be in Nonpareil or Pearl, in twelves, the number of pages to be restricted to four; in eighteens to five pages.] This article is intended only to fix what constitutes the charge of 1s. per sheet for Bottom Notes((The following interpretation of this article of the scale is given in a resolution of the committee of the master printers association,​ published in their fourth report, [3d July, 1840,] viz. '"​That there must be //two Notes in every 10 sheets// of a work to constitute the charge of //1s. per sheet// for notes.'​ //E.g.// if there should be only two notes, less than //20// lines each, in a work of //more than 10// sheets, such work would not be liable to //any charge// for notes."​)):​ all works requiring a higher charge than 1s. for Bottom Notes are to be paid for according to their value. ​
 +
 +"//​12//​. Side Notes to Folios and Quartos not exceeding a broad quotation, if only chap. or date, and not exceeding three explanatory lines on an average in each page, to be paid 1s. per sheet; in Octavo, if only chap. or date, and not exceeding three explanatory lines on an average in each page. 1s. 6s. per sheet. Cut-in Notes, in smaller type than the body, to be paid for in a similar manner. —[[s:​side-notes| Side]] and [[b:​bottom-notes|Bottom Notes]] to many, particularly historical and law works, if attended with more than ordinary trouble, to be settled between the employer and journeyman. ​
 +
 +"//​13//​. Greek, Hebrew, Saxon, &c. or any of the dead characters, if one word and not exceeding three lines in any one sheet, to be paid for that sheet 1s. extra; all above to be paid according to their value. ​
 +
 +"//​14//​. Greek //with space lines//, and without [[a:​accented-letters|accents]],​ to be paid 8½d. per 1000, if with separate accents 10d.: //without space lines//, and without accents, 8¾d.; with accents, 10¼d.; the asper not to be considered an accent. [If Dictionary matter, to take one halfpenny advance.] ​
 +
 +"//​15//​. Hebrew, [[a:​arabic|Arabic]],​ Syriac, &c. to be paid double: Hebrew with points to be cast up as half body and half points doubled. ​
 +
 +"//​16//​3. Music to be paid double the body of the sonnet type. 
 +
 +"//​17//​. Index matter, though but one measure, to be paid 2s. per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +"//​18//​. Booksellers'​ Catalogues (in whatever language) to be cast up at 7d. per 1000, not including the numbering. ​
 +
 +"//​19//​. Night work to commence and be paid for, from ten o'​clock till twelve. 1s.; all after to be paid 3d. per hour extra till Six. — Morning work, commencing at four o'​clock,​ to be paid 1s. extra. — Sunday work, if not exceeding// 6// hours, to be paid for 1s. if for a longer time, 2d. an hour. 
 +
 +"//​20//​. [[j:​job|Jobs]] of one sheet or under (except Auctioneers'​ Catalogues and Particulars) to be cast up at 7d. per 1000; if done in smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1; if in foreign language, of one sheet or under, (except Auctioneers'​ Catalogues,​) to be cast up at 8d. per 1000; if done in smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1. 
 +
 +"//​21//​. Where two pages only are imposed, either opposite to or at the back of each other, they shall be paid for as two pages; but if with an indorse, or any other kind of matter constituting a third, then to be paid as a sheet if in Folio; a half sheet if in Quarto, and so on. 
 +
 +"//​22//​. [[b:​broadside|Broadsides]],​ such as Leases, Deeds, and Charter-parties,​ above the dimensions of crown, whether table or common matter, to be paid the double of common matter; on crown and under, to be paid one and one half common matter. — The indorse to be paid one fourth of the inside page, as common matter. ​
 +
 +"//​23//​. All Corrections to be paid 6d. per hour. 
 +
 +"//​24//​. The [[i:​imprint|Imprint]] to be considered as two lines in the square of the page. 
 +
 +"//​25//​. Different volumes of the same work to be paid for distinctly, according to their value. ​
 +
 +==== Abstract of the Scale ==== 
 +
 +<WRAP centerimg centeralign>​{{:​s:​abstract-scale.png?​direct|Abstract of the Scale of prices}}\\
 +Abstract of the Scale of prices <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​abstract-scale-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +
 +
 +A modification of the Compositors'​ Scale took place in 1816, and the following notification was issued to the Trade: —\\ 
 +"At a Meeting of Master Printers held this day, pursuant to notice, for the purpose of taking into consideration the state of the Trade in general, in consequence of the alteration in the times; \\
 +"It was the opinion of this Meeting, that it would be highly expedient that, after the 19th of February, the following modification of the Compositors'​ Scale of Prices of 1810, as far as regards Reprints, should take place.'​ \\
 +"All Reprinted Works to be paid Three Farthings per 1000 less than the Scale of 1810. All Manuscript or Original Works shall continue to be paid for as at present. \\
 +"​January 2. 1816" ​
 +
 +The following resolution is copied from Hansard'​s Typographia:​ \\
 +"//At a Meeting of the Committee of Master Printers held March// 11, 1816. \\
 +" It having been stated that doubts had arisen in the minds of several Masters as to what should be considered ' Reprinted Works,'​— Resolved,'​ That they be informed that, under the above Resolutions,​ all '​Reprinted Works' were meant to be comprehended,​ whether printed sheet for sheet or otherwise; it being understood, that, in cases where the copy is rendered peculiarly troublesome by intricate manuscript insertions, a reasonable allowance may be made for the same to the Compositor." ​
 +
 +==== Reprints, according to the Resolution of January 2, 1816 ====
 +
 +<WRAP centerimg centeralign>​{{:​s:​reprints-prices.png?​direct|Abstract of the Scale of prices for Reprints}}\\
 +Abstract of the Scale of prices for Reprints <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​reprints-prices-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +* In the Abstract under the head "​Dictionaries,"​ the prices for Minion and Nonpareil are erroneous, being one farthing too much; this error passed unnoticed, till the publication of the "Third Report of the Committee of the Association of Master Printers"​ in 1839, where it is corrected. I have given the Scale as originally published. ​
 +
 +===== Scale of Prices for Presswork =====
 + 
 +//"​Agreed upon at a General Meeting of Master Printers, at Stationers'​ Hall, Feb. 8, 1810; commencing on all Volumes or Periodical Numbers begun after the 28th Instant,// ​
 +
 +^  FOLIOS\\ On Medium Or Demy  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|Not exceeding 52 Pica Ems, upon Small Pica and upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +|If on Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​  ​6 ​ |   ​7 ​ |
 +|All above 52 Pica Ems, upon Small Pica and upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​  ​6 ​ |   ​7 ​ |
 +|If on Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier ​ |  6   ​| ​ 6½   ​| ​  ​7 ​ |
 +|Long Primer and upwards, on Copy or Crown  |   ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +^  QUARTOS\\ On Medium Or Demy  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|Not exceeding 40 Pica Ems, upon Long Primer and upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +|If on Bourgeois or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +|All above 40 Pica Ems, and not less than Long Primer ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 5½   ​| ​  ​7 ​ |
 +|If on Bourgeois or Brevier ​ |  6   ​| ​ 6   ​| ​  ​7 ​ |
 +|Brevier and upwards, on Copy or Crown  |   ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +^  OCTAVOS\\ On Medium Or Demy  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|Not exceeding 24 Pica Ems, upon Small Pica and upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +|If on Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 5½   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|All above 24 Pica Ems, on Brevier or upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 6  |   ​7 ​ |
 +|If less than Brevier ​ |  6   ​| ​ 6½   ​| ​  ​8 ​ |
 +|Brevier and upwards, on Copy or Crown  |   ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 6   |
 +^  TWELVES\\ On Medium Or Demy  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|Not exceeding 21 Pica Ems, upon Long Primer and upwards ​  ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|If on Bourgeois or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 6   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|All above 21 Pica Ems, upon Long Primer and upwards ​   |   ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 7  |   ​8 ​ |
 +|If on Bourgeois or Brevier ​ |  6   ​| ​ 7   ​| ​  ​8 ​ |
 +|Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier, on Copy or Crown  |   ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 7   |
 +^  EIGHTEENS ​ ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|If not less than Small Pica   ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  5½   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|If on Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​  ​| ​ 6   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|If less than Brevier ​   |   ​6½ ​  ​| ​ 8  |   ​9 ​ |
 +^  TWENTY-FOURS AND\\ THIRTY-TWOS ​ ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|If not less than Small Pica   ​| ​  ​5 ​ |  6   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|If on Long Primer, Bourgeois, or Brevier ​  ​| ​  ​6 ​  ​| ​ 7   ​| ​ 8   |
 +|If less than Brevier ​   |   ​6½ ​  ​| ​ 8  |   ​9 ​ |
 +^  POCKET BOOKS  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|OCTAVO\\ ​ Post or Crown, 21 Pica Ems wide, 35 long  |   ​5 ​ |  6   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|TWELVES\\ Pot, such as Lady's and Christian Lady'​s.\\ Table Part, 6mo. 35 Pica Ems wide, 26 long    |   ​5 ​  ​| ​ 6   ​| ​ 7   |
 +|TWELVES\\ Miscellany Part 16 Pica Ems wide, 26 long    |   ​5 ​  ​| ​ 6  |   ​7 ​ |
 +|TWELVES\\ Copy, Christian Gentleman'​s,​ 26 wide, 35 long  |  5   ​| ​ 6   ​| ​  ​7 ​ |
 +^  SCHOOL BOOKS  ^  1000 and\\ upwards ​  ​^ ​  750 and\\ 500   ​^ ​ 250   ^
 +|     ​| ​ d.   ​| ​ d.   ​| ​  ​d. ​ |
 +|TWELVES\\ ​ Copy or Crown, not exceeding 17 Pica ems wide,\\ 31 long, nor less than Brevier ​ |   ​5 ​ |  6  |  7   |
 +|OCTAVO\\ Copy or Crown, not exceeding 21 Pica Ems wide,\\ nor, less than Long Primer ​  ​| ​  ​4¾ ​  ​| ​ 5½   ​| ​ 7   |
 +
 +N. B.\\ School Books on Copy or Crown are defined to be, Palairet'​s French Grammar, Chambaud, Salisbury Spelling Book, Fox's Lessons, Ward's Latin Grammar, and all of a similar description. ​
 +
 +^  ALMANACKS ​ ^  d.   ​^ ​
 +|Royal Broadsides ​  ​| ​ 7   |
 +|Demy Ditto, Size Wing or Cambridge ​  ​| ​  ​5½ ​ |
 +|Goldsmith, Calendar Form   ​| ​ 5½   |
 +|Ditto, Prog.     ​| ​ 5   |
 +|Twelves Demy, 19 Ems wide, 34 long, Calendar ​    ​| ​  ​5½ ​ |
 +|Ditto, Prog.     ​| ​  ​5 ​ |
 +|Ditto, Crown, Size Rider     ​| ​ 5   |
 +|Octavo Foolscap, 20 Ems wide, 34 long, Cal. and Prog.     ​| ​ 5   |
 +^  BILLS IN PARLIAMENT ​ ^  d.   ^
 +|From No. 4 inclusive to any No. under 100   ​| ​ 4½  |
 +|If 100, and under 200   ​| ​  ​5 ​ |
 +|If 200 or 250   ​| ​ 5½   |
 +|Above 250, and under 400     ​| ​ 4½    |
 +|If 400 or 500     ​| ​  ​5 ​ |
 +|If above 500, and under 700     ​| ​  ​4½ ​  |
 +|If 700 or 750     ​| ​ 5   |
 +|All above 750     ​| ​ 4½    |
 +
 +<WRAP smallbott>"​N. B.</​WRAP>​
 +  * Side Notes to be reckoned in the Width; Bottom Notes not to be regarded.
 +  * Works on Royal Paper to be paid One Halfpenny per Hour more than the above Prices. ​
 +  * Ditto on Foolscap or Pot, not less than 1000 Number, and wrought at one Pull, 4½d. 
 +  * Ditto in Square Pages (like Entick'​s Dictionary) and Works for the Public Offices, to be advanced One Halfpenny per Hour on the Scale of 1800. 
 +  * Fine Paper of the same Size, if included within the Token, not to be charged extra; but, if of a larger Size, then to be paid according to the Scale. ​
 +  * Three or more Proofs pulled at one Time to be charged 4d. per [[f:​form|Form]];​ and, if made ready, to be charged as a Token. ​
 +  * Cards, large or small, to be paid 6½d. per 100. 
 +  * Jobs without points to be paid 4½d. an hour. 
 +  * Double Crown or Royal Broadsides, not exceeding 100 Number, to be paid 1s. 6d. if more than 100, to be paid 1s. per 100. Demy Broadsides, not more than 100, to be paid 1s.; above 100, and not exceeding 500, to be paid 10d. per 100; if above 500, to be paid at the rate of 1s. 9d. per Token. ​
 +  * Broadsides requiring three Pulls to be paid one-third more. 
 +  * No Form to be deemed a Broadside that comes in at one Pull at the Common Press. ​
 +  * Night-work to commence and be paid for, from Ten o'​clock till Twelve, 1s.; all after to be paid 3d. an Hour extra till Six. — Morning work, commencing at Four o'​Clock,​ to be paid 1s. extra. — Sunday work, if not exceeding 6 hours, to be paid for 1s. if for a longer time 2d. an hour. 
 +
 +//"It is to be distinctly understood that no Advance shall take place on any Works but those which are paid by the Scale."// ​
 +
 +An alteration in the prices of the first column took place in 1816, and the following notification of it was made: 
 +
 +"At a Meeting of Master Printers held this day, pursuant to notice, for the purpose of taking into consideration the state of the Trade in general, in consequence of the alteration in the times; \\
 +"It was the opinion of this Meeting, that it would be highly expedient that, after the 19th of February, the following modification of the Pressmen'​s Scale of Prices of 181//0//, as far as regards all Numbers exceeding the first 1000, should take place. \\
 +"Every Token above the first Four Tokens to be paid One Halfpenny per hour less than the Scale of 1810. \\
 +<wrap indent>"​January 2. 1816."</​wrap> ​
 +
 +<WRAP centeralign>​ASSOCIATION OF MASTER PRINTERS</​WRAP>​
 +<WRAP rightfloat centeralign smallbott>​4. Pemberton Row, Gough Square.\\ December 10. 1838.</​WRAP> ​
 +<WRAP clear></​WRAP>​
 +Sir, 
 +
 +I HEREWITH transmit to you an Extract from the Proceedings which have taken place at a <wrap small-caps>​Special Meeting</​wrap>​ of the Committee convened this day for the purpose of "​considering the case of the Refusal of the Compositors in Mr. Bentley'​s Office to work upon his Magazine; and with a view to Conformity of Practice in our several Offices." ​
 +
 +"The Committee of Master Printers being informed that claims have been made by Compositors in some Offices for all Wrappers and Advertising Sheets to be set up by such Compositors only as were employed on the Periodicals to which they are attached, it was
 +
 +<wrap smallcaps>​Unanimously Resolved</​wrap>,​
 +
 +" That such claim on the part of the Compositors is an innovation on the antient and accustomed usages of the Trade, and wholly incompatible with that control which a Master has a right to exercise over the mode of conducting his own business; and that such claim will in future be resisted by every Member of this Committee." ​
 +
 +"It having been stated by <wrap small-caps>​Mr. Bentley</​wrap>,​ that the Compositors in his Office had refused to proceed with his Magazine in consequence of his having acted on the general understanding of the Committee, that the Compositors were not entitled to the Standing Advertisements in Periodicals, ​
 +
 +<wrap smallcaps>​It was Resolved</​wrap>, ​
 +
 +"That Compositors are not entitled to such //Standing Advertisements//,​ or to any //Standing Matter//, such claim being also contrary to the antient and established practice of the Trade. ​
 +
 +"That the above Resolutions be circulated among the Members of the <wrap small-caps>​Association</​wrap>,​ and that they be strongly recommended to act with the Committee in carrying them into effect." ​
 +
 +<WRAP centerany centeralign smallbott>​I am, Sir,</​WRAP>​
 +<WRAP indent rightfloat leftalign smallbott>​Your obedient Servant, \\ W. M'​DOWALL,​\\ Hon. Sec.</​WRAP>​
 +
 +<WRAP clear></​WRAP>​
 +
 +<WRAP smallbott hidden>​===== Extract from the Third Report of the Committee of The Master Printers'​ Association (1839)=====</​WRAP>​
 +<WRAP centeralign smallbott smallcaps>​Extract from </​WRAP>​
 +"Third Report //of the// Committee// of The// <wrap small-caps>​Master Printers'​ Association</​wrap>​ //to the Annual General Meeting, held at Anderton'​s Coffee House, July 5. 1839."// ​
 +
 +"In adverting to the dispute respecting Wrappers, which originated in a case submitted at the Monthly Meeting in December, the Committee feel it to be due to the Members of the Association to acknowledge the ready support which they have on all occasions afforded them. To that firm co-operation on their part, no less than to the reasonableness of the Deputation appointed by the Compositors to confer with the Committee, may be attributed the very satisfactory adjustment of a question which had been a source of serious disagreement in several ​
 +Offices. ​
 +
 +"The following are the Regulations ultimately agreed upon, a copy of which has been sent to each Member of the Association:​ — 
 +
 +"That the [[c:​companionship|companionship]] on a Magazine or Review be entitled to the first or title-page of the Wrapper of such Magazine or Review; but not to the remaining pages of such Wrapper, nor to the Advertising Sheets which may accompany the Magazine or Review. ​
 +
 +"That Standing Advertisements or stereo-blocks,​ if forming a complete page, or, when collected together, making one or more complete pages, in a Wrapper or Advertising Sheet of a Magazine or Review, shall not be chargeable: the Compositor to charge only for his time in making them up. The remainder of the matter in such Wrapper or Advertising Sheet, including Standing Advertisements or stereo-blocks not forming a complete page, to be charged by the Compositor, and cast up according to the 6th or 20th Rules of the Scale, as they may respectively apply. But the charge of 2s. 6d. as given by Rule 7. is not to be superadded. ​
 +
 +"With regard to Standing Matter, the Committee adhere to their Resolution of December 10th, 1838." ​
 +
 +Having thus given an, accurate copy of the official scale of 1810, with the alterations and explanations of the master printers, to the present time, I shall now add the explanation published by the London Union of Compositors,​ of the different articles of the scale. ​
 +
 +<WRAP longquote>​Article I.] "In [[c:​casting-up|casting up]] a work, although it be printed in half sheets, it is cast up in sheets; in jobs less than a sheet, however, the casting-up is confined to the job, and the compositor loses or gains the five hundred letters, or the threepence (as stated in Art. 1.) as the case may chance to be. 
 +
 +"By the term //common matter// is understood the usual description of Bookwork, and not such matter as Appeal Cases, Bills in Parliament, &c. for which peculiar and distinct charges are made. —// See Appendix//​. ​
 +
 +//Space Lines//, — The reason of pearl being always paid the same price (whether leaded with a lead equal to its own body in thickness, or without a lead) has often excited surprise; but this surprise will cease when we learn that in the year 1810, when an advance of one halfpenny on leaded, and three farthings on solid took place, no advance whatever was made on the price of pearl, which consequently when solid, which it most frequently is, does not have that advance which was granted in 1810; and the compositor in casting it up at 8d. receives only the price which was paid thirty years back. In 1805, the difference between the price of nonpareil and pearl was seven farthings; in 1810, the difference was one penny. ​
 +
 +//Head and White Lines//. — The head or folio line and the white or direction line are invariably reckoned in the square of the page.[[h:​head-line| Head lines]], when set up in a smaller type than the body of the work, are charged one shilling per sheet; and if any justification of figures, &c. occur, an allowance is made for extra trouble; but if the head be in larger type than the text, no extra charge can be made. 
 +
 +"//​Reprints//​. — Annual Reports of societies, with lists of subscribers,​ &c. are not reprints. If the copy for a book be print-copy, but derived from various sources, such book is an original work, and paid for as manuscript. Works with MS. insertions are paid extra per sheet — not less than 1s., — but if materially altered or much interlined, or consisting of half manuscript and half reprint, are considered as original works, and paid for as if they were all manuscript. Reprinted pamphlets (when more than one sheet) are subject to the reduction above specified. No reduction is made for printed copy introduced into magazines, reviews, &​c. ​
 +
 +"//​Diamond//​. — It is the custom of the trade to pay tenpence per thousand for [[d:​diamond|diamond]],​ whether leaded or unleaded. ​
 +
 +"//​Ruby//​. — This description of letter is not common, but it is paid an intermediate price allowed for those bodies between which it is cast; thus, a ruby (which is less than nonpareil and larger than a pearl) is cast up at 7½d. leaded or unleaded." ​
 +
 +Art. II.] "This mode of casting up works, which was agreed to in 1796, applies also to jobs, but not to large-letter display broadsides, the charge for which will be found in the Appendix." ​
 +
 +Art. III,] "In the scale of 1805, foreign works in [[b:​bourgeois|Bourgeois]] and brevier were paid one farthing per thousand extra; but in 1810 one price was established for type from english to brevier inclusive. ​
 +
 +"Works in the[[g:​german| German]] language and common type are paid the same as other foreign works; but if the German character be employed, it is paid as Greek without accents. The same price is also paid for the Irish character. "
 +
 +Art. IV.] "The words 'of every size,' allude to the dimensions of the page; because formerly (that is, by the scale of 1801) [[d:​duodecimo|duodecimo]] and [[e:​eighteenmo|eighteenmo]] dictionaries were paid one halfpenny per thousand more than those set up in octavo or quarto. ​
 +
 +"In framing the above article, it was intended that such gazetteers or dictionaries of the arts and sciences as were attended with //any extra trouble// beyond usual descriptive matter should be paid the above dictionary price; and therefore, such gazetteers or dictionaries as contain many references, italics, contractions,​ &c. take the advanced price as dictionary matter. ​
 +
 +"If the above works are in two columns an extra charge of not less than one shilling per sheet is made for column matter." ​
 +
 +Art. V. ] "There is a strange anomaly in this article. It was intended to allow the compositor one farthing per thousand extra for the trouble occasioned by the admixture of italic, the frequent occurrence of single letters and monosyllables in grammars, spelling books, &c.; but if a compositor be employed on a //grammar// wholly in a foreign language, it is paid no more for than if it were a foreign //work// (see Article III.) It should, however, to be consistent, be allowed the halfpenny for foreign, and the farthing for grammar, and be cast up at 6½d. with space lines, and 6¾d. without space lines. ​
 +
 +"The extra farthing per thousand for this kind of work is not to pay for column matter; but two column matter, in grammars, spelling-books,​ &c. is charged not less than one shilling per sheet; three and not exceeding four columns are charged one and one half; and above four columns are charged double. ​
 +
 +"​School Arithmetics,​ as well as the works above specified, are cast up at the above prices. ​
 +
 +"If the works specified above be in smaller type than brevier, they take the advance granted for such type in Article I." ​
 +
 +" Art. VI. ] "By the words 'cast up at the usual rate,' is meant works cast up without their <wrap small-caps>​extras</​wrap>;​ and though this article specifies small sized works in the English language, the principle is applied to foreign works also; and if foreign works amount only to the sums specified, they are entitled to an advance according to the number of thousands they contain as regulated by Art. 3. of the scale. For example, if a foreign folio or 8vo. work, in english type, without space lines, contain 13,000 letters, it would come to 7s. 0½d. Now, as the same work in the English language would come to 6s. 6d. and would consequently obtain by this Article an advance of 6d., so the foreign work is entitled to the like advance, and is paid 7s. 6d.; if it were not so, the compositor would not receive anything for the work being in a foreign language." ​
 +
 +Art. VII.] "The mere circumstance of a work being a periodical publication does not entitle it to the charge of 2s. 6d. per sheet. To justify this charge, the text must consist of two bodies, and be cast up to their respective founts. Publications,​ however, of more than one sized letter must not be cast up as all one body, to avoid the payment of the 2s. 6d. per sheet, but must be charged according to the proportion of type they contain, with the 2s. 6d. allowed by this article for the bodies. ​
 +
 +"​Reprints of this description of work (if more than a sheet) are cast up at three farthings per thousand less than the current number, but the 2s. 6d. per sheet is charged. No deduction, however, is made for printed copy introduced into the current numbers of these works. ​
 +
 +"In Reviews, Magazines, &c. where leads are only occasionally used, or when used only in a small portion of the publication,​ no deduction is made. 
 +
 +"​Reviews,​ Magazines, &c. are entitled to the charge for notes, although such notes are set up in one of the bodies used in the text. 
 +
 +"All matter pulled in [[g:​galley|galleys]] or [[s:​slips|slips]] is made up at the expense of the employer." ​
 +
 +"Art. VIII.] "Parts of works done in different houses, when unequal in their nature, are cast up according to the respective merits of the different parts; and if a sheet, or less than a sheet, it is considered a [[j:​job|job]],​ and cast up at the price specified in Art. XX. of the scale. ​
 +
 +"The expression //nearly made up//; is indefinite; but in works where two-thirds of the matter are made up, one shilling per sheet is charged upon the whole. ​
 +
 +"In works of two or more volumes, when the letter of the first volume is all made up, and used for the second, no charge can be made for making up letter." ​
 +
 +Art. IX.] "This article does not apply to half sheets or sheets of double foolscap, double demy, &c. imposed as sixteens, as these are cast up and take the extras as octavo. Sixty-fours and forty-eights,​ in whatever type, are paid 2s. 6d. the former, and 2s. the latter, per sheet, extra." ​
 +
 +Art. X.] "This article allows the employer to give the alteration either to the pressman or to the compositor; but it more properly belongs to the compositor, and the general practice of the trade is for the compositor on the work to make the alteration. The article does not apply to cases where a re-imposition or transposition of pages is required; in all such cases the compositor is entitled to charge his time." ​
 +
 +Art. XI.] "This article is by general acceptation understood to mean that, in a quarto or octavo volume, there must be one note of twenty lines, or two shorter ones, to constitute any charge, and that there must be on an average more than four pages in every ten sheets to carry a //higher// charge than one shilling a sheet; that is, in a work of forty 6vo. sheets, more than sixteen pages; for a fresh calculation is not made for every ten sheets. If, therefore, two notes, or one note of twenty lines, occur in an octavo or quarto volume — and two pages or two notes in eighteens and smaller-sized works, one shilling per sheet is paid for such works throughout. ​
 +
 +"Where the notes exceed the quantity stipulated in the above article, an additional sixpence per sheet is charged, until the quantity of note entitles the compositor to a further advance, when, in order to ascertain what that advance should be, the whole of the notes are measured off, and cast up as a distinct body, and one shilling per sheet is charged for placing. ​
 +
 +"//For example// — A work of twenty sheets containing eighty pages of notes, or four pages in each sheet, is cast up as three-fourths pica (the body) and one-fourth long primer (the notes), as follows: ​
 +
 +|    ^   Per sheet  ^
 +|Pica, 40 by 40, at 6d. comes to 16s. |  ¾ths =  £  0<wrap indent>​12</​wrap><​wrap indent>​0</​wrap>​| ​
 +|Long primer, 50 by 50, at ditto is 20s.  |  ¼th = £  0  <wrap indent>​5</​wrap> ​  <​wrap indent>​0</​wrap>​|
 +|**By letters** ​  ​| ​ **0<wrap indent>​17</​wrap><​wrap indent>​0</​wrap>​**|
 +|Making up, or placing notes  |  0   <​wrap indent>​1</​wrap>​ <wrap indent>​0</​wrap>​|
 +|       ​| ​ £ **0<wrap indent>​18</​wrap><​wrap indent>​0</​wrap>​**|
 +
 +
 +"The usual rule for the type for notes is two sizes less than the text; i. e. English text has Small Pica notes; Small Pica text. Bourgeois notes; Long Primer text. Brevier notes; but when under this size a proportionally less quantity of note is required to constitute the above charges. Thus — If in a work set in Small Pica, the notes should be set in Brevier, which is three sizes less than the text; the same number of thousands should be composed for 1s. per sheet, as would be equivalent to the number of thousands contained in the four pages of Bourgeois, i.e. if the four pages of Bourgeois contain //10,000// letters, no more than that number of brevier should be composed without an increased charge. ​
 +
 +"To compensate the compositor for time employed in making up, altering references, &c., the notes, although in the same size as any type used in the text, take the charge of 1s. per sheet. ​
 +
 +"//​Notes upon notes//, when set up in a smaller type than the note, are charged according to the rule laid down for notes." ​
 +
 +Art. XII.] "In casting up a work with side-notes, the side-notes are not reckoned in the width of the page. 
 +
 +"​Side-notes are cast up as double — that is, the length and breadth of the side-notes are taken, multiplied, and the product doubled. When the space between the notes do not exceed a broad quotation it is reckoned in measuring off the notes. The side-note width of the guard line and head lines are reckoned in measuring the depth of the notes. The [[r:​reglet|reglets]] or leads between the text and side-note are reckoned in the width of the text, when the side-notes are cast up. One shilling per sheet for side-notes, in addition to their being cast up as double, is allowed for placing. ​
 +
 +"​Under-runners from side-notes are reckoned in the side-note, and paid 3d. each, in addition. ​
 +
 +"When the bottom notes to law works, &c. are attended with extra trouble, in consequence of numerous contractions,​ an extra is paid." ​
 +
 +Art. XIII.] "The Saxon language is mentioned only in regard to the charge of one shilling per sheet, while works wholly done in that language seem to have been unintentionally omitted in the Scale; they are, however, paid the same as Greek without accents, according to Article XIV. 
 +
 +"The term 'dead characters'​ is extremely indefinite; and the charge allowed by this article is not limited to the languages of such nations as are extinct, but includes all languages for which roman or italic type is not employed, such as Sanskrit and other oriental characters; also German, [[i:​irish|Irish]],​ &c. &​c. ​
 +
 +"This article defines only what charge is to be made for Greek, Hebrew, Saxon, &c. when introduced in small quantities in various parts of a sheet, — such as single words, half lines, or lines. If there be one word, and not more than three lines, the charge is one shilling for each character, in every sheet in which those characters occur: all above three lines is paid according to their value, preserving the 1s. per sheet for the first three lines. When the quantity of Greek, Hebrew, Saxon, &c. amounts to two-thirds, interspersed throughout the sheet, it is paid as all Greek, or an equivalent price allowed for the admixture. ​
 +
 +"As it occasionally occurs that words in Greek, &c. are obliged to be set up in a different sized fount to the body of the work, when such is the case, extra is paid for [[j:​justifying|justification]]. ​
 +
 +"For the convenience of employers, and that each sheet of a work may be paid the same price, it is sometimes the practice to ascertain the quantity contained in the work, and put an average price upon each sheet. This was not formerly the general custom, nor is it, indeed, commendable,​ since by this mode it often happens that the task of setting up that part of a work containing the greatest quantity of Greek, &c. falls into the hands of those who have had no share of the lighter parts of the work, and thus endless and bitter disputes are caused by one man being called upon to perform that labour for which another has received the reward. The article limits the charge to 'that sheet,'​ and therefore a work in which small portions of Greek, &c. are introduced, should be charged according to the particular quantity in each sheet." ​
 +
 +Art, XIV.] "By '​separate accents'​ is meant the use of distinct accents with kerned letters. ​
 +
 +"The composition of grammars being attended with extra trouble, ¼d. per 1000 is allowed for them. Therefore Grammars in Greek, Hebrew, &c. take the advance specified in Article V. Thus, a Greek grammar without space lines and accents is paid 9d. per 1000. 
 +
 +"Jobs in Greek, &c. of one sheet or under are also paid 1d. per thousand more than the prices above stated. ​
 +
 +"It has been contended that works in Greek, Hebrew, &c. not being common matter, were not intended to 'be subject to the reduction upon reprints; but as the same advantage accrues to a compositor upon reprint Greek as upon reprint English, it is just that the reduction should be made; and therefore Greek, &c. set up from printed copy, is subject to the modification of the Scale proposed by the masters in 1816." ​
 +
 +Art. XV.] "The phrase 'paid double'​ signifies double the price of common matter. Although Hebrew with points is alone stated to be [[c:​casting-up|cast up]] as half body and half points doubled; yet Syriac, or any other language or character with points, is cast up in the same manner. ​
 +
 +"Of the mode of casting up a work with points, the following is an example: — Supposing the work to be set up in small pica Hebrew with nonpareil points, it is cast up as half small pica and half nonpareil, that is, each page is charged as if it were a page of small pica and a page of nonpareil. ​
 +
 +"​Grammars,​ Dictionaries,​ &c. in these languages are cast up at double the price specified in Article V. 
 +
 +"This article applies only to works, or where several pages appear together. Small quantities of Arabic, Syriac, &c. are paid according to Article XIII." ​
 +
 +Art. XVI.] "That is, if the sonnet type be long primer, the square of the page is taken as long primer, and the amount which the sheet or job would be paid as long primer is doubled. ​
 +
 +"The rule is, however, but little applicable to the present style of letter-press music printing, the composition of which is now usually paid an //ad valorem// price, as double the price of sonnet type would not pay. Indeed, in music wholly //​instrumental//,​ Art. 16. would-be useless as a guide, as there would be no //sonnet// type employed." ​
 +
 +Art. XVII.] "The charge of 2s. per sheet for Index matter"​ does not Include the charge for columns or tabular; and indexes cast up as tabular or table are charged 2s. in addition to what they come to by letters." ​
 +
 +Art. XVIII. "The expression, 'not including the numbering,'​ does not mean that the numbers are not to be reckoned in the square of the page, but that when the bookseller sends in his copy without numbers at the beginning of the article, or with incorrect numbers, and the compositor is required to alter them, or put in the numbers, he is entitled to make an extra charge for such numbering; in other words, 7d. per thousand does not include the charge for the trouble occasioned to the compositor by altering or marking in the numbers prefixed to the books. ​
 +
 +"If a booksellers'​ catalogue only make a sheet, or less than a sheet, it is cast up at no more than 7d. per thousand. ​
 +
 +"​Booksellers'​ lists or [[a:​advertisements|advertisements]] are charged as a job at 7d. per thousand when only making a sheet or under; but if done in smaller type than brevier, they take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1. 
 +
 +"When notes or remarks in smaller type are inserted in a bookseller'​s catalogue, they are paid the same as bottom notes. ​
 +
 +"​Catalogues in two columns are paid one shilling per sheet for columns. ​
 +
 +"The words 'in whatever language,'​ mean that the foreign languages, where roman type is used, viz. Latin, Italian, French, &c. take no extra charge; but Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, &c. are paid according to Article 13." ​
 +
 +"Art. XIX.] "The compositor'​s day's work is reckoned twelve hours; if, therefore, business require it, the compositor //on the piece// works from 8 till 10 in the evening, and from 6 to 8 in the morning, without any extra charge; but if required to come before 6, or called to work after 10, he immediately claims 1s., because he has already worked two hours beyond the ordinary time, without any extra charge. Sunday work, for any portion of time less than six hours, is paid 1s. 
 +
 +"​Compositors on the establishment,​ when required to work beyond the recognised hours, are entitled to charge extra. — See //​Appendix//​." ​
 +
 +Art. XX.] "​Auctioneers'​ Catalogues and Particulars,​ of whatever extent, or whether leaded or unleaded, are cast up at 6d. per 1000; if any smaller type or other extras occur in a catalogue, they are paid in the same way as extras upon bookwork. The conditions in smaller type, when standing, are paid as an ordinary page of the catalogue; but if set up, are charged according to the type in which they are set." ​
 +
 +"Jobs are not cast up as sheets or half sheets, but according to the number of pages they may contain. They are also subject to the regulations in Art. 1. — //'A thick space, &c. see Art. 1. to the end of that Article//​." ​
 +
 +Art. XXI.] "This article has occasionally been misconstrued;​ and it has been supposed that if any matter be on the third page, the compositors ought to charge the job as four pages; this, however, is not the case — for, in jobs, it requires matter on three pages, in order that they may be charged as four. "Thus, a circular of two pages, printed on the first and third page, is only charged as two pages; but if there be matter on the first, second, and third, it is charged as four; or if there be matter on the first and second, and an indorse on the fourth, it is charged as four. This definition will appear correct when it is observed that the indefinite article is used in the scale, which does not say, constituting the third, but constituting a third." ​
 +
 +Art. XXII.] "This article means that '​common matter'​ or undisplayed broadsides, when set up in type 'such as' is used for leases, deeds, &c. are to be charged, if larger than crown, the double of common matter, but if on crown or under, to be paid one and one-half common matter; and if table, to be paid for as double. That this is the true interpretation of this article is evident from the introduction of the words '​whether table or common matter,'​ which were not in the scale of 1805, and which were inserted to prevent more than double being charged for broadside tables above the dimensions of crown. In Ireland, table broadsides above medium are paid treble; but by the above article, however few or numerous the columns may be, the charge is to be that of double common matter. ​
 +
 +Art. XXIII.] "When [[b:​blank-pages|blank pages]] at the end of a work are filled up on its return from the author with fresh matter, or booksellers'​ lists, or advertisements,​ the compositor charges the value of the matter, deducting the price of the blank, excepting the time for making up the blank. Matter driven out by the insertion of leads is charged by the compositor, but his time in doing so is not chargeable. ​
 +
 +"The compositors on a work are entitled to correct the author'​s proofs." ​
 +
 +Art. XXIV.] "In jobs, it is sometimes necessary to put the imprint nearly at the extremity of the paper, leaving a large blank between the last line and the printer'​s name. In all such cases, the blank is not cast up, but the job is considered to be two lines longer than the last line of matter. Previous to 1805, the imprint was not cast up when it had a large blank before it; but as the compositor frequently had to set up the imprint, it was agreed that he should charge two lines for it." ​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +As the Scale of 1805 may be useful as an article of reference, I give it literally from an official copy which has been in my possession from that time. 
 +<WRAP smallbott hidden>​===== Regulations and Scale of Prices for Compositors'​ Work (1805)=====</​WRAP>​
 +<WRAP centeralign>​Regulations and Scale of Prices for Compositors'​ Work, \\
 +<wrap smallcaps>​As Adjusted And Agreed To In February 1805. </​wrap></​WRAP>​
 +<WRAP longquote>​
 +"​Article 1. <wrap small-caps>​All</​wrap>​ works in the English language, common matter, including English and Brevier, to be cast up, as settled in December 1800, at fivepence farthing per thousand; if in Minion (being a type not very prevalent), to be cast up at fivepence halfpenny; in Nonpareil, sixpence farthing; and Pearl, eightpence; Heads and Directions, or Signature lines, included. A thick space to be considered an en in the width, and an en to be reckoned an em in the length of the page: and, where the number of letters amounts to five hundred, a thousand to be charged; if under five hundred, not to be reckoned: and if the calculation at per thousand shall not amount to an odd threepence, the odd pence to be suppressed in the price of the work; but where it amounts to or exceeds threepence, there shall be sixpence charged. ​
 +
 +"//​2//​. Works printed in Great Primer to be cast up as English; and all works in larger type than Great Primer as half English and half Great Primer. ​
 +
 +"//​3//​. All works in a foreign language, though common type, to be cast up at fivepence three farthings per thousand, including English and Long Primer; if in Bourgeois or Brevier, sixpence per thousand; Minion, sixpence farthing; Nonpareil, sevenpence; and Pearl, eightpence three farthings. ​
 +
 +"//​4//​. English Dictionaries of every size to be paid fivepence three farthings per thousand. (In this article are not included Gazetteers, Geographical Dictionaries,​ Dictionaries of Arts and Sciences, and works of a similar description,​ except those attended with extra trouble beyond usual descriptive matter.) Dictionaries of two or more languages of every size to be paid sixpence per thousand. If smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1. 
 +
 +"//​5//​. English Grammars, Spelling Books, and works of those descriptions,​ in Brevier or larger type, to be cast up at fivepence halfpenny per thousand; if in two languages, or foreign language, to be cast up at fivepence three farthings per thousand. ​
 +
 +"//​6//​. Small sized Folios, Quartos, Octavos, and works done in Great Primer or larger type (English language) which do not come to six shillings when cast up at the usual rate, to be paid as follows: English and larger type, not less than six shillings; Pica, seven shillings and sixpence: English Twelves to be paid not less than nine shillings and sixpence; and Pica not less than ten shillings and sixpence per sheet. ​
 +
 +"//​7//​. Reviews, Magazines, and works of a similar description consisting of various sized letter, if cast up to the different bodies, to be paid two shillings per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +"//​8//​. Pamphlets of five sheets and under, and parts of works done in different houses, amounting to not more than five sheets, to be paid one shilling per sheet extra; but, as it frequently occurs that works exceeding a Pamphlet are often nearly made up without a return of letter, all such works shall be considered as Pamphlets, and paid for as such. 
 +
 +"//​9//​. Works done in Sixteens, Eighteens, Twenty-fours,​ or Thirty-twos,​ on Small Pica and upwards, to be paid one shilling and sixpence extra per sheet. If on Long Primer, or smaller type, one shilling per sheet extra. Forty-eights to be paid two shillings per sheet extra, and Sixty-fours two shillings and sixpence per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +"//​10//​. Works requiring an Alteration or Alterations of Margin, to be paid for each Alteration one shilling to the Pressmen if altered by them, and sixpence to the Compositor, as a compensation for making up the Furniture; if altered by the Compositor, then he is to be paid one shilling for the Alteration, and the Pressmen sixpence for the delay. //This article to be determined on solely at the option of the Employer//​. ​
 +
 +"//​11//​. [[b:​bottom-notes|Bottom Notes]] consisting of twenty lines (or two Notes, though not amounting to twenty lines), and not exceeding four pages, //in every Ten Sheets//, [in Quarto or Octavo: One page (or two notes, though not amounting to one page) and not exceeding six pages, in Twelves: — Two pages (or two notes, though not amounting to two pages) and not exceeding eight, in Eighteens or above; to be paid one shilling per sheet: But under the above proportion no charge to be made. Bottom Notes consisting of ten lines (or two notes, though not amounting to ten lines) in a Pamphlet of five sheets or under, and not exceeding two pages, to be paid one shilling per sheet extra. Quotations, Mottos, Contents to Chapters, &c. in smaller type than the body, to be considered as notes. [Where the Notes shall be in Nonpareil or Pearl, in Twelves, the number of pages to be restricted to four; in Eighteens, to five pages: and, if the number of sheets or notes in a volume shall exceed what is stipulated, to take the proportionate advance.] ​
 +
 +"//​12//​. [[s:​side-notes|Side Notes]] to Folios and Quartos not exceeding a broad quotation, if only chap. or date, and not exceeding three explanatory lines on an average in each page, to be paid one shilling per sheet; in Octavo, if only chap. or date, and not exceeding three explanatory lines on an average in each page, one shilling and sixpence per sheet. [[c:​cut-in-notes|Cut-in Notes]] in smaller type than the body to be paid for in a similar manner. ​
 +
 +"//​Side and Bottom Notes to many, particularly Historical and Law Works, if attended with more than ordinary trouble, to be settled between the Employer and Journeyman//​. ​
 +
 +"//​13//​. Greek, Hebrew, Saxon, &c. or any of the dead characters, if one word and not exceeding three lines in any one sheet, to be paid for that sheet one shilling extra: all above to be paid //ad valorem//​. ​
 +
 +"//​14//,​ Greek without accents to be paid eightpence per thousand; if with separate accents, ninepence halfpenny per thousand: the Asper not to be considered an Accent. ​
 +
 +"//​I5//​. Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, &c. to be paid double: — Hebrew with Points to be cast up as half Body and half Points doubled. ​
 +
 +"//​16//​. Music to be paid double the body of the sonnet type. 
 +
 +"//​17//​. Index Matter, though but one measure, to be paid one shilling per sheet extra. ​
 +
 +"//​18//​. Booksellers'​ Catalogues to be cast up at sixpence per thousand, not including the numbering. ​
 +
 +"//​19//​. Em and En Quadrats, or whatever is used at the beginning or end of lines, to be reckoned as an Em in the width. ​
 +
 +"//​20//​. Night Work to commence and be paid for, from Eleven o'​clock till One, one shilling; till Two, one shilling and sixpence; and threepence per hour extra till Six. — Morning Work, commencing at Four o'​clock,​ to be paid one shilling extra. — Sunday Work to be paid twopence per hour, provided it amount to not less than one shilling. ​
 +
 +"//​21//​. Jobs of One Sheet or under (except Auctioneers'​ Catalogues and Particulars) to be cast up at sixpence halfenny per thousand; if done in smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1. 
 +
 +"//​22//​. Jobs in Foreign Language, of One Sheet or under (except Auctioneers'​ Catalogues) to be cast up at sevenpence halfpenny per thousand; if done in smaller type than Brevier, to take the proportionate advance specified in Article 1 . 
 +
 +"//​23//​. Where Two Pages only are imposed, either opposite to or at the back of each other, they shall be paid for as Two Pages; but if with an Indorse, or any other kind of matter constituting a third, then to be paid as a Sheet, if in Folio; a Half-sheet if in Quarto; and so on. 
 +
 +"//​24//​. Broadsides, such as Leases, Deeds, and Charter Parties, above the dimensions of Crown, to be paid the double of common matter; on Crown and under, to be paid one and one-half common matter. — The Indorse to be paid one-fourth of the inside page. 
 +
 +"//​23//​. All Corrections to be paid sixpence per hour. 
 +
 +"//​26//​. The Imprint to be considered as two lines in the square of the page. 
 +
 +"//​27//​. Different Volumes of the same work to be paid for distinctly, //ad valorem//​. ​
 +
 +" This Scale to commence on Monday, the fourth day of March 1805.
 +
 +
 +<wrap fontsize-11em>"​Any Disputes that may arise in future, we agree to refer to the Decision of the Committee of Masters.</​wrap> ​
 +
 +<WRAP column>
 +"On behalf of the Masters.\\ (Signed) ​
 +  * //John Nichols//
 +  * //Luke Hansard//
 +  * //Thomas Bensley//
 +  * //George Woodfall//
 +  * //Charles Baldwin//
 +  * //Thomas Gillet//
 +  * //David Nathan Shury//
 +  * //William Ruffy//​."​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +<WRAP column>
 +"On behalf of the Compositors.\\ (Signed) ​
 +  * //Edward Davenport// ​
 +  * //James Atkinson//
 +  * //Charles Fagan//
 +  * //Samuel Charles Fawcett//
 +  * //William Magrath//
 +  * //Philemon Chalk//
 +  * //Charles Higly//
 +  * //Henry Dench.//"​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +
 +
 +[<6>]