User Tools

Site Tools


s:signature

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

s:signature [2018/03/30 02:07] (current)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +<< [[contents:​index| Dictionary Index]] << [[contents:​s|Definitions under S]]
  
 +----
 +
 +====== Signature ======
 +
 +A letter of the alphabet placed at the bottom of the [[f:​first-page|first page]] of each sheet of a work, to denote, alphabetically,​ the order of the sheets. ​
 +
 +It is customary to commence with B on the first sheet of the body of the work, and to go regularly through the alphabet, with the exception of the letters J, V, and W, which are never used as signatures; and which had, in fact, no existence in the alphabet at the time of the invention of printing; J, expressing both I and J; <wrap black-letter fontsize-13em>​U</​wrap>,​ both U and V; and <wrap black-letter fontsize-13em>​UU</​wrap>,​ the double letter W. If the work extend to more sheets in number than there are letters in the alphabet, the succeeding sheets go on with a second alphabet, which commences with A, and both the letters are usually given, in this manner, A A, or Aa, and sometimes, to avoid the repetition, thus, 2 A; if a third alphabet be necessary it is always, at the present day, placed with the number before it, as 3 A. The printer'​s first alphabet consists of twenty-two letters, and the second and succeeding ones of twenty-three. ​
 +
 +As a guide to the bookbinder there are other signatures used in a sheet, besides the first — in a sheet of octavo the first page has B, the third has B 2, the fifth has B 3, and the seventh has B 4: in a sheet of twelves they are carried to B 6; B 5 being the first page of the [[o:​offcut|offcut]];​ and however numerous the pages may be in a sheet with one signature, when they are all inserted, they are continued to the last odd page before the middle of the sheet, but never carried beyond the middle. In general they are all omitted except the two first, to show the first fold of the paper, and the first on the offcut. [[s:​small-capitals|Small capitals]] are more frequently used for signatures than large [[c:​capitals|capitals]],​ as disfiguring the foot of the page in a slighter manner. ​
 +
 +Sometimes figures are used instead of letters, but not often; the Gentleman'​s Magazine is an instance. ​
 +
 +===== Table of signatures and first folio of each sheet =====
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (1) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-1-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-1.png?​direct|Folio (1)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (2) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-2-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-2.png?​direct|Folio (2)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (3) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-3-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-3.png?​direct|Folio (3)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (4) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-4-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-4.png?​direct|Folio (4)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (5) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-5-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-5.png?​direct|Folio (5)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (6) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-6-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-6.png?​direct|Folio (6)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (7) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-7-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-7.png?​direct|Folio (7)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (8) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-8-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-8.png?​direct|Folio (8)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Folio (9) <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-9-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-9.png?​direct|Folio (9)}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Sheet of 4to. and half sheet of 8vo. <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-10-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-10.png?​direct|Sheet of 4to. and half sheet of 8vo}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Sheet of 8vo. and half sheet of 12mo. <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-11-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-11.png?​direct|Sheet of 8vo. and half sheet of 12mo}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Sheet of 12mo. and 16mo. <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-12-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-12.png?​direct|Sheet of 12mo. and 16mo}}
 +</​WRAP> ​
 +
 +<WRAP grid centeralign>​
 +Sheet of 18mo. <wrap magnify>​[[http://​www.oldbookillustrations.com/​img/​signatures-12-large.png|{{:​wiki:​magnify.png|Enlarge}}]]</​wrap>​\\
 +{{:​s:​signatures-12.png?​direct|Sheet of 18mo}}
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +<WRAP clear></​WRAP>​
 +
 +I have extended these tables of Signatures and [[f:​folio|folios]] to 18mo., which is a size that has been much in use of late years; and in the table of 18mo. I have given it as usually imposed, as three half sheets of 12mo. with three signatures; the first signature in each sheet is with a capital letter, the intermediate signatures are small capitals. ​
 +
 +
 +
 +[<6>]