The Saluki is one of the oldest breeds of hunting dog and is believed to be one of the earliest to have evolved from wolves. Salukis originated in the Middle-East, where they were used to hunt gazelles birds, hares, and other small animals. They are sometimes called the Gazelle Hound.
The Saluki is known for its speed and endurance at running. Like the greyhound, with which it shares many characteristics, it is a sighthound relying on eyesight rather than its sense of smell to spot a quarry.
Salukis are even-tempered and gentle, but also somewhat aloof. Their health is usually very good, although they are liable to develop genetic eye diseases and cancer.